Hysteroscopy is a procedure to look at the inside of the womb (uterus). Your doctor can look at:
This procedure may be done to diagnose or treat a health problem.
Hysteroscopy gets its name from the tool used to view the womb. This tool is called a hysteroscope. It is a thin, lighted tube. It sends images of the inside of the womb to a video monitor.
Before the procedure, you will be given medicine to help you relax and block pain. Sometimes, anesthesia medicine is given to help you fall asleep.
Small tools can be used through the scope to remove abnormal growths or tissue for examination. Certain treatments, such as ablation, can also be done through the scope. Ablation uses heat, cold, or electricity to destroy the lining of the womb. Another treatment that can be done through the scope is called the Essure procedure. This places coils into your fallopian tubes to block them.
Hysteroscopy can last 15 minutes to more than 1 hour, depending on what is done.
This procedure may be done to:
This list is not all-inclusive.
Risks of hysteroscopy include:
Damage to the cervix
Risks of anesthesia include:
Risks of any surgery include:
Your doctor will tell you the results of your procedure.
Biopsy results are usually available with 1-2 weeks.
Women with heavy periods usually have fewer symptoms when certain treatments are done during hysteroscopy. These include ablation or removal of fibroids or polyps.
Your doctor may prescribe medicine to open your cervix. This makes it easier to insert the scope. You need to take this medicine about 8-12 hours before your procedure.
Before any surgery:
In the 2 weeks before your procedure:
On the day of the procedure:
You may go home the same day. Rarely, you may need to stay overnight.
Hysteroscopic surgery; Operative hysteroscopy; Uterine endoscopy; Uteroscopy
Lentz G. Endoscopy: Hysteroscopy and Laparoscopy: Indications, Contraindications and Complications. In: Lentz GM, Lobo RA,Gershenson DM, Katz VL, eds. Comprehensive Gynecology. 6th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier; 2012:chap 10.
Updated by: A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc., Editorial Team: David Zieve, MD, MHA, David R. Eltz, Stephanie Slon, and Nissi Wang; Susan Storck, MD, FACOG, Chief, Eastside Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Group Health Cooperative of Puget Sound, Bellevue, Washington; Clinical Teaching Faculty, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Washington School of Medicine.
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