Your child has pneumonia, which is an infection in the lungs. In the hospital, the doctors and nurses helped your child breathe better. They also gave your child medicine to help get rid of the germs that cause pneumonia. They also made sure your child got enough liquids.
Your child will probably still have some symptoms of pneumonia after leaving the hospital.
Breathing warm, moist (wet) air helps loosen the sticky mucus that may be choking your child. Other things that may help include:
Do not use steam vaporizers because they can cause burns.
To bring up mucus from the lungs, tap your child's chest gently a few times a day. This can be done as your child is lying down.
Make sure everyone washes their hands with warm water and soap or an alcohol-based hand cleanser before they touch your child. Try to keep other children away from your child.
Do not allow anyone to smoke in the house, the car, or anywhere near your child.
Ask your child's doctor about shots to prevent other infections, such as:
Also, make sure your child's vaccines are up to date.
Make sure your child drinks enough.
Some drinks may help relax the airway and loosen the mucus, such as:
Eating or drinking may make your child tired. Offer small amounts, but more often than usual.
If your child throws up because of coughing, wait a few minutes and try to feed your child again.
Antibiotics help most children with pneumonia get better.
Do not give your child cough or cold medicines unless your doctor says it is OK. Your child's coughing helps get rid of mucus from the lungs.
Your doctor or nurse will tell you if it is OK to use acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) for fever or pain. If these medicines are OK to use, your doctor or nurse will tell you how often to give them to your child.
Call your child's doctor or nurse if your child has any of the following:
Bradley JS, Byington CL, Shah SS, et al. The management of community-acquired pneumonia in infants and children older than 3 months of age: clinical practice guidelines by the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society and the Infectious Diseases Society of America. Clin Infect Dis. 2011;53:e25-e76.
Ranganathan SC, Sonnappa S. Pneumonia and other respiratory infections. Pediatr Clin N Am. 2009;56:135-156.
Sandora TJ, Sectish TC. Community-acquired pneumonia. In: Kliegman RM, Stanton BF, St. Geme JW III, et al., eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 19th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2011:chap 392.
Updated by: Jatin M. Vyas, MD, PhD, Assistant Professor in Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Assistant in Medicine, Division of Infectious Disease, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.
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