|December 14, 2001 [posted]|
|What's New for 2002 MeSH®|
his article highlights the additions to several parts of 2002 Medical Subject Headings (MeSH).
A total of 847 new descriptors were added, 185 descriptors were replaced with more up-to-date terminology, 2,041 see references (i.e., entry terms) were added, and 47 descriptors were deleted. Lists of all new descriptors and of deleted and replaced descriptors are posted on the MeSH Web site. The Introduction to the Annotated Alphabetic List - 2002 is also posted on this site. Headings can be quickly found using the MeSH Browser.
The following changes and additions are of particular importance for MeSH 2002:Viruses
All viruses were reviewed and updated to conform with the 7th Report of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV). The most significant change is its official approval of the concept of viral species and the codification of the official form of virus species names using the format of first letter of first word capitalized, first letter of other words all lower case.
In line with the Report, many new virus names have been added to MeSH and older terminology has been changed. Among the significant changes the names of the all genera in the family Retroviridae have been revised. Most species and strains of HTLV viruses (now under Deltaretrovirus) have been reorganized and specific coxsackieviruses are now referred to as specific enteroviruses.Complementary and Alternative Medicine
The terminology related to complementary and alternative medicine has been re-structured into sub-groups in order to facilitate searching those divisions. The field can most broadly be divided into physical, sensory, mind-body and spiritual, plus some which occur in more than one category. Physical includes acupuncture, musculoskeletal manipulations done by professionals; sensory includes play-, dance-, sound-, color- and other such therapies; mind-body includes biofeedback, breathing, hypnosis, laughter, relaxation; spiritual includes faith, magic, occultism, and witchcraft. Unclassified includes homeopathy, phytotherapy, and natural childbirth.
Plants and Phytotherapy
Transport and Carrier Proteins
MeSH Publications and Data Distribution
2002 MeSH data are now available in XML, the same general format used for MEDLINE data. The Extensible Markup Language (XML) is proposed as the universal format for structured documents and data on the Web. Data provided in this format replaces that previously distributed in ELHILL Unit Record Format. Please see the Technical Note, MeSH 2002 Files Available for Downloading in this issue for details.
For more information about 2002 MeSH, please see the MeSH Home Page.
By Jacque-Lynne Schulman
Schulman JL. What's New for 2002 MeSH®. NLM Tech Bull. 2001 Nov-Dec;(322):e9.