Circumcision is the removal of the foreskin, which is the skin that covers the tip of the penis. In the United States, it is often done before a new baby leaves the hospital. There are medical benefits and risks to circumcision. Possible benefits include a lower risk of urinary tract infections, penile cancer and sexually transmitted diseases. The risks include pain and a low risk of bleeding or infection.
The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) found that the medical benefits of circumcision outweigh the risks. They recommend that parents make this decision in consultation with their pediatrician. Parents need to decide what is best for their sons, based on their religious, cultural and personal preferences.
- Uncircumcised Penis: Is Special Care Needed? (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
- Circumcision (OR-Live) - Broward Health Coral Springs, Coral Springs, FL, 3/31/2014
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Circumcision (National Institutes of Health)
Journal ArticlesReferences and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Implementation and Operational Research: Evaluation of Loss-to-Follow-up and Postoperative Adverse...
- Article: Informing the scaling up of voluntary medical male circumcision efforts...
- Article: Ischemia of the glans penis following circumcision: case report and...
- Circumcision -- see more articles