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Lactic acidosis

Lactic acidosis is when lactic acid builds ups in the bloodstream faster than it can be removed. Lactic acid is produced when oxygen levels in the body drop.

Causes

The most common cause of lactic acidosis is intense exercise. However, it can also be caused by certain diseases, such as:

A common medicine used to treat diabetes called metformin can also cause lactic acidosis. If you take this medicine, have your electrolyte levels checked 1 - 2 weeks after starting it.

Symptoms

  • Nausea
  • Weakness

Exams and Tests

  • Blood tests to check electrolyte levels

Treatment

The main treatment for lactic acidosis is to correct the medical problem that causes the condition.

References

Seifter JL. Acid-base disorders. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds.Cecil Medicine

Collings JL. Acid-base disorders. In: Marx JA, Hockberger RS, Walls RM, et al, eds.Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice

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Update Date 10/14/2012