Your child has asthma, which causes the airways of the lungs to swell and narrow. In the hospital, the doctors and nurses helped your child breathe better.
Your child will probably still have asthma symptoms after leaving the hospital. These symptoms include:
You may need to take time off work to care for your child.
Make sure you know the asthma symptoms to watch out for in your child.
You should know how to take your child's peak flow reading and understand what it means.
Keep the phone number for your child's doctor or nurse with you.
Triggers may make asthma symptoms worse. Know which triggers make your child's asthma worse and what to do when this happens. Common triggers include:
Know how to prevent or treat asthma symptoms that arise when your child is active. These things might also trigger your child's asthma:
Understand your child's asthma medicines and how they should be taken. These include:
No one should smoke in your house. This includes you, your visitors, your child’s babysitters, and anyone else who comes to your house.
Smokers should smoke outside and wear a coat. The coat will keep smoke particles from sticking to clothes, so it should be left outside or away from the child.
Ask people who work at your child's day care, preschool, school, and anyone else who takes care of your child, if they smoke. If they do, make sure they smoke away from your child.
Children with asthma need a lot of support at school. They may need help from school staff to keep their asthma under control and to be able to do school activities.
There should be an asthma action plan at school. The people who should have a copy of the plan include:
Your child should be able to take asthma medicines at school when needed.
School staff should know your child's asthma triggers. Your child should be able to go to another location to get away from asthma triggers, if needed.
Call your child's doctor or nurse if your child is having any of the following:
Also call the doctor if your child:
Liu AH, Covar RA, Spahn JD, Leung DYM. Childhood asthma. In: Kliegman RM, Behrman RE, Jenson HB, Stanton BF, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 19th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2011:chap 138.
National Asthma Education and Prevention Program Expert Panel Report 3: Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Asthma. Rockville, Md. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, US Dept of Health and Human Services; 2007. NIH publications 08-4051. www.nhlbi.nih.gov/guidelines/asthma/asthgdln.htm. Accessed May 14, 2014.
Updated by: Neil K. Kaneshiro, MD, MHA, Clinical Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.
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