DVT - discharge; Blood clot in the legs - discharge; Thromboembolism - discharge
You were treated for deep venous thrombosis (DVT). This is a condition in which a blood clot forms in a vein that is not on or near the surface of the body.
It mainly affects the large veins in the lower leg and thigh. The clot can block blood flow. If the clot breaks off and moves through the bloodstream, it can get stuck in the brain, lungs, heart, or other areas of the body, leading to severe damage.
Wear the pressure stockings prescribed by your doctor. They will improve blood flow in your legs and may lower your risk of long-term complications and problems with blood clots.
Your doctor may give you medicine to thin your blood. This will help keep more clots from forming.
Ask your doctor what exercises and other activities are safe for you to do.
Do not sit or lie down in the same position for long periods.
If swelling is a problem, keep your legs resting above your heart. When sleeping, make the foot of the bed a few inches higher than the head of the bed.
Do not wear tight clothing on your legs or around your waist. If your clothes leave a mark in your skin, they are too tight.
Do not smoke. If you do, ask your doctor for help quitting.
Drink at least 6 to 8 cups of liquid a day, if your doctor says it is OK.
Use less salt.
Call your doctor if:
Burnett B. Management of venous thromboembolism. Prim Care Clin Office Pract. 2013:40;73-90.
Ginsberg J. Peripheral venous disease. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Cecil Medicine. 24th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2011:chap 81.
Guyatt GH, Akl EA, Crowther M, et al. Executive Summary: Antithrombotic Therapy and Prevention of Thrombosis. 9th ed. American College of Chest Physicians Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines. Chest. 2012;141(2 suppl):7s-47s.
Updated by: Todd Gersten, MD, Hematology/Oncology, Florida Cancer Specialists & Research Institute, Wellington, FL. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.
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