When you have cancer, you need good nutrition to help keep your body strong. To do this you need to watch the foods you eat and how you prepare them.
Some raw foods can contain germs that can hurt you when cancer or treatment weakens your immune system. Ask your doctor or nurse about how to eat well but safely.
When you eat eggs:
Be careful when you have dairy products:
Fruits and vegetables:
Do not eat raw honey. Eat only heat-treated honey. Avoid sweets that have creamy fillings.
When you cook, make sure you cook your food long enough.
Do not eat uncooked tofu. Cook tofu for at least 5 minutes.
When eating chicken and other poultry:
If you cook beef, lamb, pork, or venison:
When eating fish, oysters, and other shellfish:
Heat all casseroles to 165 °F. Warm hot dogs and lunch meats to steaming before you eat them.
When you dine out, stay away from:
Ask if all fruit juices are pasteurized.
Use only salad dressings, sauces, and salsas from single-serving packages. Eat out at times when restaurants are less crowded. Always ask for your food to be prepared fresh, even at fast food restaurants.
Bozetti F, Bozzetti V. Principles and management of nutritional support in cancer. In: Walsh D, Caraceni AT, Fainswinger R, et al., eds. Palliative Medicine. 1st ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2008:chap 106.
National Cancer Institute: Nutrition in Cancer Care (PDQ®). Bethesda, MD: National Cancer Institute. Updated February, 26, 2014. http://cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/supportivecare/nutrition/HealthProfessional. Accessed May 7, 2014.
Updated by: Todd Gersten, MD, Hematology/Oncology, Florida Cancer Specialists & Research Institute, Wellington, FL. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.
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