National Institutes of Health
- The primary NIH organization for research on Hernia is the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases
A hernia happens when part of an internal organ or tissue bulges through a weak area of muscle. Most hernias are in the abdomen.
There are several types of hernias, including
Hernias are common. They can affect men, women, and children. A combination of muscle weakness and straining, such as with heavy lifting, might contribute. Some people are born with weak abdominal muscles and may be more likely to get a hernia.
Treatment is usually surgery to repair the opening in the muscle wall. Untreated hernias can cause pain and health problems.
References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)