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Nearly everyone has had indigestion at one time. It's a feeling of discomfort or a burning feeling in your upper abdomen. You may have heartburn or belch and feel bloated. You may also feel nauseated, or even throw up.
You might get indigestion from eating too much or too fast, eating high-fat foods, or eating when you're stressed. Smoking, drinking too much alcohol, using some medicines, being tired, and having ongoing stress can also cause indigestion or make it worse. Sometimes the cause is a problem with the digestive tract, like an ulcer or GERD.
Avoiding foods and situations that seem to cause it may help. Because indigestion can be a sign of a more serious problem, see your health care provider if it lasts for more than two weeks or if you have severe pain or other symptoms. Your health care provider may use x-rays, lab tests, and an upper endoscopy to diagnose the cause. You may need medicines to treat the symptoms.
NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases
- Nonulcer Stomach Pain (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
- Upset Stomach (Functional Dyspepsia) in Adults (Beyond the Basics) (UpToDate)
- Belching, Bloating and Flatulence (American College of Gastroenterology) Available in Spanish
- Confusing or Ambiguous Upper Gut Symptoms (International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders) - PDF
- Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), Heartburn, Dyspepsia: What's the Difference? (International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders) - PDF
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Dyspepsia (National Institutes of Health)
Journal ArticlesReferences and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Frequency of helicobacter pylori in distal oesophageal mucosa of patients...
- Article: Assessment of diagnostic and therapeutic approaches of Helicobacter pylori-associated iron...
- Article: Helicobacter pylori prevalence and histopathological findings in dyspeptic patients.
- Indigestion -- see more articles
- Digestive Diseases Dictionary (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases)
- Find a Gastroenterologist (American College of Gastroenterology)
- Indigestion (For Teens) (Nemours Foundation)