Juvenile Rheumatoid ArthritisAlso called: Childhood arthritis, JRA, Juvenile idiopathic arthritis, Still's disease
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Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) is a type of arthritis that happens in children age 16 or younger. It causes joint swelling, pain, stiffness, and loss of motion. It can affect any joint, and in some cases it can affect internal organs as well.
One early sign of JRA may be limping in the morning. Symptoms can come and go. Some children have just one or two flare-ups. Others have symptoms that never go away. JRA causes growth problems in some children.
No one knows exactly what causes JRA. Scientists do know it is an autoimmune disorder, which means your immune system, which normally helps your body fight infection, attacks your body's own tissues.
JRA can be hard to diagnose. Your health care provider may do a physical exam, lab tests, and x-rays. Medicines and physical therapy can help maintain movement and reduce swelling and pain.
NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases
- Arthritis in Children (American College of Rheumatology) Available in Spanish
- Juvenile Arthritis (National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases)
- Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (American Academy of Pediatrics) Available in Spanish
- Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (Nemours Foundation) Available in Spanish
- What Is Juvenile Arthritis? (National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases) Available in Spanish
Treatments and Therapies
- DMARDs for Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis: A Review of the Research for Parents and Caregivers (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality) Available in Spanish
- Rheumatoid Arthritis and Complementary Health Approaches (National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health)
- Treatment Plan Adherence for Your Child With JA (Arthritis Foundation)
- What Is a Pediatric Rheumatologist? (American Academy of Pediatrics)
- What People with Rheumatoid Arthritis Need to Know about Osteoporosis (National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases)
- Genetics Home Reference: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (National Library of Medicine)
- Heredity and Arthritis (American College of Rheumatology)
Statistics and Research
- Estimates Childhood Arthritis (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- NIAMS-Supported Research Finds New Genetic Links to Juvenile Arthritis (National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases)
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Arthritis, Juvenile Rheumatoid (National Institutes of Health)
- NIH Pediatric Rheumatology Clinic (National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases)
Journal ArticlesReferences and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Diagnosis of systemic-onset juvenile idiopathic arthritis after treatment for presumed...
- Article: Evaluation of the benefits of sequential addition of leflunomide in...
- Article: Comorbidity of type 1 diabetes and juvenile idiopathic arthritis.
- Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis -- see more articles
- Adult Still's Disease (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)