Scoliosis causes a sideways curve of your backbone, or spine. These curves are often S- or C-shaped. Scoliosis is most common in late childhood and the early teens, when children grow fast. Girls are more likely to have it than boys. It can run in families. Symptoms include leaning to one side and having uneven shoulders and hips.
Doctors use your medical and family history, a physical exam, and imaging tests to diagnose scoliosis. Treatment depends on your age, how much more you're likely to grow, how much curving there is, and whether the curve is temporary or permanent. People with mild scoliosis might only need checkups to see if the curve is getting worse. Others might need to wear a brace or have surgery.
NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases
- Avoiding Fusion in Early Onset Scoliosis (OR-Live) - Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital of New York-Presbyterian, New York, NY, 12/05/2007
- Lumbar Laminectomy and Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion (OR-Live) - Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, PA, 11/15/2006
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Scoliosis (National Institutes of Health)
- Genetics Home Reference: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (National Library of Medicine)
- Genetics Home Reference: Horizontal gaze palsy with progressive scoliosis (National Library of Medicine)
- Genetics Home Reference: Spondylocostal dysostosis (National Library of Medicine)
Journal ArticlesReferences and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Smaller body size increases the percentage of blood volume lost...
- Article: Factors associated with scoliosis in schoolchildren: a cross-sectional population-based study.
- Article: Histochemical analysis of paraspinal rotator muscles from patients with adolescent...
- Scoliosis -- see more articles
- Glossary of Scoliosis Terms (Scoliosis Research Society)
- Scoliosis Research Society: Find a Specialist (Scoliosis Research Society)
- Congenital Scoliosis (Scoliosis Research Society)
- Infantile Idiopathic Scoliosis (Scoliosis Research Society)
- Scoliosis (Nemours Foundation) Available in Spanish
- Scoliosis in Children and Adolescents (National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases)
- Syndromic Scoliosis (Scoliosis Research Society)