National Institutes of Health
- The primary NIH organization for research on Turner Syndrome is the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
Turner syndrome is a genetic disorder that affects a girl's development. The cause is a missing or incomplete X chromosome. Girls who have it are short, and their ovaries don't work properly. Most are infertile. They are at risk for health difficulties such as high blood pressure, kidney problems, diabetes, cataracts, osteoporosis and thyroid problems.
Other physical features typical of Turner syndrome are
There is no cure for Turner syndrome, but there are some treatments for the symptoms. Growth hormone often helps girls reach heights that are close to average. Hormone replacement can stimulate sexual development. Assisted reproduction techniques can help some women with Turner syndrome get pregnant.
NIH: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
References and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)