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Bosnian—New Language for MEDLINE® Citations

Technical Notes

Bosnian—New Language for MEDLINE® Citations

PubMed® Adds Three New Language Abbreviations and Changes Two Abbreviations Already in Use

January 2004 PubMed®, NLM Gateway, and ClinicalTrials.gov Training Manuals Now Available

Three Additional Journals Participating in PubMed Central

Additional Digitized Back Issues Available in PubMed Central

New E-mail List Alerts Readers to Bookshelf Updates

"Map of locations" Feature Added to ClinicalTrials.gov

New Book Added to NCBI Bookshelf

Three More Organisms Added for Gene Indexing

Eight Entries Added to ToxTown

OLDMEDLINE Moves Back in Time

Changes for PubMed's® Clinical Queries

PubMed® Subject Subset Strategies Updated

January 15, 2004 [posted]

Bosnian is a new language valid for MEDLINE indexing. Effective for 2004 publications forward, the three-letter abbreviation "bos" is to be applied during indexing of articles in the sole MEDLINE-indexed journal that is published in Bosnia and Hercegovina, Medicinski Arhiv (unless it is clear that another language is appropriate.)

To search PubMed for citations of articles published in Bosnian, use either the value bos[la] or bosnian[la].

For more on language codes with new display values, please see Technical Notes. NLM Tech Bull. 2003 Sep-Oct;(334):e1.

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PubMed® Adds Three New Language Abbreviations and Changes Two Abbreviations Already in Use

February 2, 2004 [posted]

The following three languages and their three-letter abbreviations (language codes) have been added to PubMed. These languages are currently found only on OLDMEDLINE citations:

Language Language Code
Azerbaijani aze
Malayalam mal
Vietnamese vie

In order to remain consistent with Library of Congress usage, the following two language codes for languages already in use have changed as follows:

Language Former Code New Code
Scottish Gaelic gae gla
Esperanto esp epo

For a complete list of language codes used in MEDLINE, please see the MEDLINE Language Table.

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January 2004 PubMed®, NLM Gateway, and ClinicalTrials.gov Training Manuals Now Available

February 2, 2004 [posted]

The January 2004 editions of the training workbooks are now available for downloading from the NLM Web site. Both workbooks were updated to reflect changes since October 2003.

The manuals are available for downloading in Portable Document Format (PDF) and Microsoft® (MS) Word formats. They are broken down into sections so you can choose the areas of interest to you. These materials correspond to the NLM's National Training Center and Clearinghouse training courses described at: http://nnlm.gov/mar/online/description.html.

Feel free to use any part of the workbooks—you may customize parts for training programs, demonstrations, or workshops you conduct. These workbooks are not copyrighted.

Training materials used in training on Toxicology and Environmental Health Web Resources, the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS), and Molecular Biology Information Resources are also available from this Web site.

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Three Additional Journals Participating in PubMed Central

February 5, 2004 [posted]

The following journals are now participating in PubMed Central (PMC):

Clinical and Molecular Allergy
eISSN: 1476-7961
MEDLINE Abbr: Clin Mol Allergy
NLM ID: 101152195
Publisher: Biomed Central
Full text coverage in PMC: begins with 2003 Jan;1(1).
PMC URL:
http://www.pubmedcentral.gov/tocrender.fcgi?action=archive&journal=226

Journal of Circadian Rhythms
eISSN: 1740-3391
MEDLINE Abbr: J Circadian Rhythms
NLM ID: 101200389
Publisher: Biomed Central
Full text coverage in PMC: begins with 2003 Jan;1(1).
PMC URL:
http://www.pubmedcentral.gov/tocrender.fcgi?action=archive&journal=225

PLoS Biology
pISSN: 1544-9173
eISSN: 1545-7885
MEDLINE Abbr: PLoS Biol
NLM ID: 101183755
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Full text coverage in PMC: begins with 2003 Oct;1(1).
PMC URL:
http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/tocrender.fcgi?action=archive&journal=212

The full-text of these journals may be searched directly from the PMC site or through the Entrez Global Query feature.

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Additional Digitized Back Issues Available in PubMed Central

February 5, 2004 [posted]

Content from volumes 1992 Jan;3(1) to 1997 Jan;8(1) of Molecular Biology of the Cell is now available in PubMed Central (PMC) as part of NLM's project to digitize the back issues of PMC participating journals. The coverage of Molecular Biology of the Cell in PMC had previously begun with 1998 Jan;9(1).

Molecular Biology of the Cell
pISSN: 1059-1524
MEDLINE Abbr: Mol Biol Cell
NLM ID: 9201390
Publisher: American Society for Cell Biology
Full text coverage in PMC: begins with 1992 Jan;3(1).
PMC URL:
http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/tocrender.fcgi?action=archive&journal=1

The full-text of these journals may be searched directly from the PMC site or through the Entrez Global Query feature.

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New E-mail List Alerts Readers to Bookshelf Updates

February 5, 2004 [posted]

A new listserv, "books-announce," broadcasts announcements concerning updates to the NCBI Bookshelf. Subscribers to the listserv will learn when new books are added, when new editions of existing books are added, and information on other content updates.

You can subscribe to the books-announce mailing list at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/mailman/listinfo/books-announce

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"Map of locations" Feature Added to ClinicalTrials.gov

February 17, 2004 [posted]

A new ClinicalTrials.gov feature allows users to view a map of study locations based on search results. Click on the "Map of locations" button on the Search Results page. Locations are displayed in three ways:

  • Map of 50 states and the District of Columbia - click on a state to display studies with locations in that state
  • Map of the world - click on a country/region to display studies with locations there
  • Location information for text browsers (below the maps) - click on a location name

The number of available studies is displayed for each locations. In addition, four different colors are used to indicate the volume of studies in each location.

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New Book Added to NCBI Bookshelf

February 24, 2004 [posted]

The National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) has recently added a book to the Bookshelf:

Neuroscience. 2nd ed.
Purvis, Dale; Augustine, George J.; Fitzpatrick, David; Katz, Lawrence C.; La Mantia, Anthony-Samuel; McNamara, James O.; Williams, S. Mark.
Sunderland, MA: Sinauer Associates, Inc.; 2001.

The books in Bookshelf may be searched directly from the Bookshelf site, via links from the Links pull-down menu from relevant PubMed® citations, or through the new Entrez Global query feature.

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Three More Organisms Added for Gene Indexing

February 24, 2004 [posted]

NLM has begun to perform gene indexing for three additional organisms: chicken, pig, and Xenopus tropicalis (Western clawed frog), raising the number of organisms in LocusLink to 13.

Initially there were five organisms in [This link has been retired; use instead http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/gene] LocusLink—human, mouse, rat, fruit fly, and zebrafish. HIV-1 was added on May 30, 2002. Cow (Bos taurus) was added on December 2, 2002, and Caenorhabditis elegans, a nematode, was added on December 31, 2002. In November 2003, Xenopus laevis (African clawed frog) and Strongylocentrotus purpuratus (sea urchin) were added to the list.

For more information on gene indexing see: Ward J. Gene Indexing. NLM Tech Bull. 2002 Sep-Oct;(328):e6.

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Eight Entries Added to Tox Town

February 24, 2004 [posted]

The eight additional entries in Tox Town, NLM®'s interactive guide to commonly encountered toxic substances, include common (or "criteria") air pollutants regulated by the Environmental Protection Agency:

  • Nitrogen Oxides
  • Particulate Matter
  • Sulfur Dioxide
Three large groups of substances are also described:
  • Pesticides
  • Phthalates
  • Volatile Organic Compounds
Other chemicals added are:
  • Benzene
  • Chromium

Tox Town includes a one to two page description of each chemical as well as Internet links for more information. The Web site also shows where a chemical might be found in a town or city. In the Town or City Scenes, select "All Chemicals" at the bottom of the page to see the complete list of chemicals.

By clicking on the Dentist in Tox Town's City scene, dental health professionals can read about potential environmental health concerns at work, such as nitrous oxide exposure, infection control, and hazardous chemicals.

By clicking on the new Pharmacy in the City scene, you can see information about medicines, cosmetics, dietary supplements, drug and medical device safety, latex allergies, occupational health for healthcare providers, vitamin and mineral supplements, and more.

Clip art and publicity materials for Tox Town, suitable for Web sites or newsletters, are available at http://toxtown.nlm.nih.gov/clipart.html.

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OLDMEDLINE Moves Back in Time

February 24, 2004 [posted]

The contents of the 1951–1952 Current List of Medical Literature (CLML) were added to PubMed® in February 2004. OLDMEDLINE citations now total 1,704,728 citations, with the addition of these 186,889 citations from the 1951-1952 publications. Of these newly added citations, 89,557 are from the 1952 CLML and 97,332 are from the 1951 CLML.

OLDMEDLINE is a subset of PubMed available free of charge at http://pubmed.gov. For information about OLDMEDLINE, please see: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/databases/databases_oldmedline.html. You can read more on OLDMEDLINE citations in the following NLM Technical Bulletin article: Demsey A, Nahin AM, Von Braunsberg S. OLDMEDLINE Citations Join PubMed. NLM Tech Bull. 2003 Sep-Oct;(334):e2.

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Changes for PubMed's® Clinical Queries

February 24, 2004 [posted]

The PubMed Clinical Queries page has been revised:

Rephrased Emphasis Labels
Old Emphasis Option New Emphasis Option
sensitivity sensitive search (broad)
specificity specific search (narrow)

It is hoped that the new Emphasis label options will help clarify the type of search that will be conducted.

Filter strategies updated
The strategies used to generate results using the various combinations of Categories (therapy, diagnosis, etiology, prognosis) and Emphasis (sensitive search, specific search) have been changed. The strategies are based on work done by Dr. Brian Haynes, et al., at the Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. The Haynes group recently reviewed and updated these strategies.

For more information about their work, please see the following site: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/pubs/techbull/jf04/cq_info.html.

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PubMed® Subject Subset Strategies Updated

February 26, 2004 [posted]

All PubMed subject subset strategies are reviewed at least once a year to check for possible revisions due to MeSH vocabulary changes, to add or delete terms, or to modify parts of the strategies. The following subset strategies were recently revised: Bioethics, Cancer, Complementary Medicine, Space Life Sciences, Systematic Reviews, Toxicology.

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