Anabolic steroids are man-made substances related to male sex hormones. Doctors use anabolic steroids to treat some hormone problems in men, delayed puberty, and muscle loss from some diseases.
Bodybuilders and athletes often use anabolic steroids to build muscles and improve athletic performance. Using them this way is not legal or safe. Abuse of anabolic steroids has been linked with many health problems. They include
- Breast growth and shrinking of testicles in men
- Voice deepening and growth of facial hair in women
- High blood pressure
- Heart problems, including heart attack
- Liver disease, including cancer
- Kidney damage
- Aggressive behavior
NIH: National Institute on Drug Abuse
- Anabolic Steroids (National Institute on Drug Abuse) Available in Spanish
- Hormone Abuse Prevention and What You Need to Know (Hormone Health Network)
- Steroids (Drug Enforcement Administration)
- Steroids (For Parents) (Nemours Foundation)
- Performance-Enhancing Drugs: Know the Risks (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
Journal ArticlesReferences and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Androgenic-anabolic activities of some new synthesized steroidal pyrane, pyridine and...
- Article: Mesterolone treatment of aging male syndrome improves lower urinary tract...
- Article: MECHANISMS IN ENDOCRINOLOGY: Medical consequences of doping with anabolic androgenic...
- Anabolic Steroids -- see more articles
- Anabolic Steroids (National Institute on Drug Abuse)
- Are Steroids Worth the Risk? (Nemours Foundation)
- Mind Over Matter: Anabolic Steroids (National Institute on Drug Abuse) Available in Spanish
- Performance-Enhancing Drugs and Teen Athletes (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
- Teens and Steroids: A Dangerous Combo (Food and Drug Administration)