Behcet's syndrome is a disease that involves inflammation of the blood vessels. It causes problems in many parts of the body. The most common symptoms are
- Sores in the mouth
- Sores on the sex organs
- Other skin sores
- Swelling of parts of the eye
- Pain, swelling and stiffness of the joints
More serious problems can include meningitis, blood clots, inflammation of the digestive system and blindness.
Doctors aren't sure what causes Behcet's. It is rare in the United States, but is common in the Middle East and Asia. It mainly affects people in their 20s and 30s. Diagnosing Behcet's can take a long time, because symptoms may come and go, and it may take months or even years to have all of the symptoms. There is no cure. Treatment focuses on reducing pain and preventing serious problems. Most people can control symptoms with treatment.
NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases
- Facts about Behçet's Disease of the Eye (National Eye Institute)
- Genetic Mystery of Behcet's Disease Unfolds Along the Ancient Silk Road (National Human Genome Research Institute)
- Genetics Home Reference: Behçet disease (National Library of Medicine)
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Behcet Syndrome (National Institutes of Health)