When someone's blood flow or breathing stops, seconds count. Permanent brain damage or death can happen quickly. If you know how to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), you could save a life. CPR is an emergency procedure for a person whose heart has stopped or is no longer breathing. CPR can maintain circulation and breathing until emergency medical help arrives.
Even if you haven't had training, you can do "hands-only" CPR for a teen or adult whose heart has stopped beating ("hands-only" CPR isn't recommended for children). "Hands-only" CPR uses chest compressions to keep blood circulating until emergency help arrives. If you've had training, you can use chest compressions, clear the airway, and do rescue breathing. Rescue breathing helps get oxygen to the lungs for a person who has stopped breathing. To keep your skills up, you should repeat the training every two years.
- Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) (American Academy of Family Physicians) Available in Spanish
- Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR): First Aid (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
- CPR Saves Lives (American Heart Association)
- Hands-Only CPR (American Heart Association)
- JAMA Patient Page: Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) (American Medical Association) - PDF Available in Spanish
- Bystander CPR Linked to Better Outcomes After Cardiac Arrest (05/04/2015, HealthDay)
- New CPR Devices Approved (03/09/2015, HealthDay)
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (National Institutes of Health)
Journal ArticlesReferences and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Find a Local CPR, First Aid or ECC (Emergency Cardiovascular Care) Class (American Heart Association)
- First Aid, CPR and Automated External Defibrillator (AED) Classes (American Red Cross)
- CPR Statistics (American Heart Association)