A mastectomy is surgery to remove a breast or part of a breast. It is usually done to treat breast cancer. Types of breast surgery include
- Total (simple) mastectomy - removal of breast tissue and nipple
- Modified radical mastectomy - removal of the breast, most of the lymph nodes under the arm, and often the lining over the chest muscles
- Lumpectomy - surgery to remove the tumor and a small amount of normal tissue around it
Which surgery you have depends on the stage of cancer, size of the tumor, size of the breast, and whether the lymph nodes are involved. Many women have breast reconstruction to rebuild the breast after a mastectomy.
Sometimes mastectomy is done to prevent breast cancer. Only high-risk patients have this type of surgery.
NIH: National Cancer Institute
- Breast Cancer Surgery (Susan G. Komen for the Cure) - PDF Available in Spanish
- Mastectomy (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
- Mastectomy -- The Surgical Procedure (Susan G. Komen for the Cure)
- Surgery Choices for Women with DCIS or Breast Cancer (National Cancer Institute) - PDF
- Surgery for Breast Cancer (American Cancer Society) Available in Spanish
- Surgical Procedures for Breast Cancer - Mastectomy and Breast Conserving Therapy (Beyond the Basics) (UpToDate)
- MRIs Before Breast Cancer Surgery on the Rise (09/24/2015, HealthDay)
- More Men with Breast Cancer Having Second Breast Removed (09/02/2015, HealthDay)
- Adjuvant and Neoadjuvant Therapy for Breast Cancer (National Cancer Institute) Available in Spanish
- Adjuvant Medical Therapy for HER2-Positive Breast Cancer (UpToDate)
- Breast Cancer: Treatment Options (American Society of Clinical Oncology) Available in Spanish
- Choosing a Breast Prosthesis (American Society of Clinical Oncology)
- Lymphedema: What Every Woman with Breast Cancer Should Know (American Cancer Society) - PDF
- Sexuality After Breast Cancer (American Cancer Society) Available in Spanish
- Talking with the Doctor about Breast Surgery Options (American Society of Clinical Oncology)
- Breast Reconstruction: Deep Inferior Epigastric Perforator - Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, NY, 1/11/2008
- Sentinel Lymph Node (SLN) Biopsy (OR-Live) - Genesis Medical Center Davenport, IA, 10/10/2007
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Mastectomy (National Institutes of Health)
Journal ArticlesReferences and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: DEDICATED BREAST CANCER MANAGEMENT CENTRES WITH. FACILITIES FOR FULL IMAGE-GUIDED...
- Article: Impact of preoperative evaluation of tumour grade by core needle...
- Article: Intraoperative Radiotherapy Versus Whole-Breast External Beam Radiotherapy in Early-Stage Breast...
- Mastectomy -- see more articles
- Surgery for Breast Cancer in Men (American Cancer Society)