URL of this page: https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/minerals.html

Minerals

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Summary

Minerals are important for your body to stay healthy. Your body uses minerals for many different jobs, including building bones, making hormones and regulating your heartbeat.

There are two kinds of minerals: macrominerals and trace minerals. Macrominerals are minerals your body needs in larger amounts. They include calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, potassium, chloride and sulfur. Your body needs just small amounts of trace minerals. These include iron, manganese, copper, iodine, zinc, cobalt, fluoride and selenium.

The best way to get the minerals your body needs is by eating a wide variety of foods. In some cases, your doctor may recommend a mineral supplement.

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  • Chromium From the National Institutes of Health (National Institutes of Health, Office of Dietary Supplements)
  • Iodine From the National Institutes of Health (National Institutes of Health, Office of Dietary Supplements) Available in Spanish
  • Magnesium From the National Institutes of Health (National Institutes of Health, Office of Dietary Supplements) Available in Spanish
  • Selenium From the National Institutes of Health (National Institutes of Health, Office of Dietary Supplements) Available in Spanish
  • Zinc From the National Institutes of Health (National Institutes of Health, Office of Dietary Supplements) Available in Spanish
  • Zinc Information From the National Institutes of Health (National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health)

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