Panic disorder is a type of anxiety disorder. It causes panic attacks, which are sudden feelings of terror when there is no real danger. You may feel as if you are losing control. You may also have physical symptoms, such as
- Fast heartbeat
- Chest or stomach pain
- Breathing difficulty
- Weakness or dizziness
- Feeling hot or a cold chill
- Tingly or numb hands
Panic attacks can happen anytime, anywhere, and without warning. You may live in fear of another attack and may avoid places where you have had an attack. For some people, fear takes over their lives and they cannot leave their homes.
Panic disorder is more common in women than men. It usually starts when people are young adults. Sometimes it starts when a person is under a lot of stress. Most people get better with treatment. Therapy can show you how to recognize and change your thinking patterns before they lead to panic. Medicines can also help.
NIH: National Institute of Mental Health
- Panic Attacks and Panic Disorder (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
- Panic Disorder (American Academy of Family Physicians) Available in Spanish
- Panic Disorder (NAMI) - PDF
- Panic Disorder (National Institute of Mental Health)
- Panic Disorder: When Fear Overwhelms (National Institute of Mental Health)
Diagnosis and Tests
- Screening for Panic Disorder (Anxiety and Depression Association of America)
Health Check Tools
- Anxiety (DSHI Systems)
Statistics and Research
- Panic Disorder among Adults (National Institute of Mental Health)
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Panic Disorder (National Institutes of Health)
Journal ArticlesReferences and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Impulsivity and Panic Disorder: an exploratory study of psychometric correlates.
- Article: Cortisol as an indicator of hypothalmic-pitituary-adrenal axis dysregulation in patients...
- Article: Predictors of poor treatment response to additional CBT in real...
- Panic Disorder -- see more articles
- Panic Disorder and Women (Department of Health and Human Services, Office on Women's Health)