Your trachea, or windpipe, is one part of your airway system. Airways are pipes that carry oxygen-rich air to your lungs. They also carry carbon dioxide, a waste gas, out of your lungs.
When you inhale, air travels from your nose, through your larynx, and down your windpipe. The windpipe splits into two bronchi that enter your lungs.
Problems with the trachea include narrowing, inflammation, and some inherited conditions. You may need a procedure called a tracheostomy to help you breathe if you have swallowing problems, or have conditions that affect coughing or block your airways. You might also need a tracheostomy if you are in critical care and need to be on a breathing machine.
NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
- Respiratory System (National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute)
- 3D 'Printout' Device Keeps Very Ill Babies Breathing (04/29/2015, HealthDay)
- Vocal Fold Paralysis (National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders)
- Esophageal Atresia (OR-Live) - Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center, Salem, NC, 3/11/2010
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Tracheal Diseases (National Institutes of Health)
Journal ArticlesReferences and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Tracheobronchopathia osteochondroplastica: imaging and bronchoscopic findings.
- Article: Vascular Anomalies Associated with Esophageal Atresia and Tracheoesophageal Fistula.
- Article: Pharyngeal perforation and tracheopharyngeal fistula caused by foreign body impaction.
- Tracheal Disorders -- see more articles
- Larynx & Trachea (National Cancer Institute)
- Croup (American Academy of Pediatrics)
- Esophageal Atresia and Tracheoesophageal Fistula (American Academy of Family Physicians) Available in Spanish
- Tracheal Stenosis (Children's Hospital of Philadelphia)
- Tracheoesophageal fistula repair - slideshow Available in Spanish
- Use of a Tracheostomy with a Child (American Thoracic Society) - PDF
- Acute upper airway obstruction Available in Spanish
- Learning about ventilators Available in Spanish
- Swallowing problems Available in Spanish
- Tracheitis Available in Spanish
- Tracheoesophageal fistula and esophageal atresia repair Available in Spanish
- Tracheomalacia - acquired Available in Spanish
- Tracheomalacia - congenital Available in Spanish
- Tracheostomy Available in Spanish
- Tracheostomy care Available in Spanish
- Tracheostomy tube - eating Available in Spanish
- Tracheostomy tube - speaking Available in Spanish