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Triglycerides are a type of fat found in your blood. Too much of this type of fat may raise the risk of coronary artery disease, especially in women.
A blood test measures your triglycerides along with your cholesterol. Normal triglyceride levels are below 150. Levels above 200 are high.
Factors that can raise your triglyceride level include
- Being overweight
- Lack of physical activity
- Excessive alcohol use
- A very high carbohydrate diet
- Certain diseases and medicines
- Some genetic disorders
You may be able to lower your triglycerides with a combination of losing weight, diet, and exercise. You also may need to take medicine to lower your triglycerides.
NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
- Good vs. Bad Cholesterol (American Heart Association)
- Roadmap for Managing Your Triglycerides and Protecting Your Heart (American Academy of Nurse Practitioners) - PDF
- Triglycerides: Why Do They Matter? (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
- What Are High Blood Cholesterol and Triglycerides? (American Heart Association) - PDF Available in Spanish
- Americans' Blood Triglyceride Levels Dropping: CDC (05/07/2015, HealthDay)
- Triglycerides Test (American Association for Clinical Chemistry)
- Hyperlipidemia (American Heart Association)
- Top Ten Things to Know: Triglycerides and Cardiovascular Disease (American Heart Association) - PDF
- Triglycerides and Cardiovascular Disease: FAQ (American Heart Association) - PDF
- Patient Guide to the Assessment and Treatment of Hypertriglyceridemia (High Triglycerides) (Hormone Health Network) - PDF
Statistics and Research
- Big, Fat World of Lipids (National Institute of General Medical Sciences)
- Taking Dietary Supplements with Heart, Blood Pressure, or Cholesterol Medicines: A Review of the Research for Adults (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality) Available in Spanish
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Hyperlipidemia, Familial Combined (National Institutes of Health)
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Hyperlipidemias (National Institutes of Health)
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Hyperlipoproteinemia Type IV (National Institutes of Health)
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Hypertriglyceridemia (National Institutes of Health)
Journal ArticlesReferences and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Emergent triglyceride-lowering therapy for hypertriglyceridemic pancreatitis.
- Article: Triglyceride to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio predicts cardiovascular outcomes in...
- Article: Adipose modulation of ABCG1 uncovers an intimate link between sphingomyelin...
- Triglycerides -- see more articles
- What Do Fats Do in the Body? (National Institute of General Medical Sciences)