Uterine fibroids are the most common benign tumors in women of childbearing age. Fibroids are made of muscle cells and other tissues that grow in and around the wall of the uterus, or womb. The cause of fibroids is unknown. Risk factors include being African American or being overweight.
Many women with fibroids have no symptoms. If you do have symptoms, they may include
- Heavy or painful periods or bleeding between periods
- Feeling "full" in the lower abdomen
- Urinating often
- Pain during sex
- Lower back pain
- Reproductive problems, such as infertility, multiple miscarriages or early labor
Your health care provider may find fibroids during a gynecological exam or by using imaging tests. Treatment includes drugs that can slow or stop their growth, or surgery. If you have no symptoms, you may not even need treatment. Many women with fibroids can get pregnant naturally. For those who cannot, infertility treatments may help.
NIH: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
- FDA OKs 'Containment' Bag for Certain Uterine Surgeries (04/07/2016, HealthDay)
- Women's Sex Lives Get a Boost After Non-Surgical Fibroid Treatment (04/04/2016, HealthDay)
- What Are the Symptoms of Uterine Fibroids? (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development)
Diagnosis and Tests
- How Are Uterine Fibroids Diagnosed? (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development)
- Hysteroscopy (American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists) - PDF Available in Spanish
- Pelvic laparoscopy - slideshow Available in Spanish
- Ultrasound -- Pelvis (Radiological Society of North America, American College of Radiology) Available in Spanish
Treatments and Therapies
- Medical Treatments for Fibroids (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development)
- Myomectomy (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
- Surgical Treatments for Fibroids (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development)
- Uterine Artery Embolization (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
- Uterine Fibroid Embolization (UFE) (Radiological Society of North America) Available in Spanish
- Genetics Home Reference: hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell cancer (National Library of Medicine)
Statistics and Research
- Genetic Cause of Infertility Associated with Uterine Fibroids (National Institute of Child Health and Human Development)
Journal ArticlesReferences and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: N-of-1 Policymaking--Tragedy, Trade-offs, and the Demise of Morcellation.
- Article: The spectrum of nephrocutaneous diseases and associations: Genetic causes of...
- Article: Morcellation and myomas: Balancing decisions around minimally invasive treatments for...
- Uterine Fibroids -- see more articles
Find an Expert
- Find an Interventional Radiologist (Society of Interventional Radiology)
- National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Available in Spanish
- womenshealth.gov (Department of Health and Human Services, Office on Women's Health) Available in Spanish