Multimedia & Tools
Vaginal cancer is a rare type of cancer. It is more common in women 60 and older. You are also more likely to get it if you have had a human papillomavirus (HPV) infection or if your mother took diethylstilbestrol (DES) when she was pregnant. Doctors prescribed DES in the 1950's to prevent miscarriages. You are also at higher risk if you have had abnormal cells in the vagina, cervix, or uterus.
It often doesn't have early symptoms. However, see your doctor if you notice
- Bleeding that is not your period
- A vaginal lump
- Pelvic pain
A Pap test can find abnormal cells that may be cancer. Vaginal cancer can often be cured in its early stages. Treatment might include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.
NIH: National Cancer Institute
- Colposcopy (American Academy of Family Physicians) Available in Spanish
- How Is Vaginal Cancer Diagnosed? (American Cancer Society) Available in Spanish
- Stages of Vaginal Cancer (National Cancer Institute)
- Symptoms of Vaginal and Vulvar Cancers (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Available in Spanish
- Complementary and Alternative Therapies for Vaginal Cancer (American Cancer Society)
- Cancer and Stress (Foundation for Women's Cancer)
- What Should You Ask Your Doctor about Vaginal Cancer? (American Cancer Society) Available in Spanish
- Surgical Tutorial of a Robotic-Assisted Anterior Pelvic Exenteration (OR-Live) - Pennsylvania Hospital, Philadelphia, PA, 1/22/2009
- Normal Female Reproductive Anatomy (National Cancer Institute)
- Cervical and Vaginal Cancer Screening (Pap Test and Pelvic Exam) (Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services) Available in Spanish
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Vaginal Neoplasms (National Institutes of Health)
- Increased Risk of Rare Cancer as DES Daughters Age (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Available in Spanish
- What's New in Vaginal Cancer Research and Treatment? (American Cancer Society) Available in Spanish
Journal ArticlesReferences and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: Clinical performance of hybrid capture 2 human papillomavirus testing for...
- Article: Improved survival in p16-positive vaginal cancers across all tumor stages...
- Article: High-dose-rate brachytherapy for vaginal rhabdomyosarcoma using a personalized mold in...
- Vaginal Cancer -- see more articles
- HPV-Associated Vaginal Cancer Rates by Race and Ethnicity (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Available in Spanish
- Vaginal and Vulvar Cancers (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Available in Spanish
- What Are the Key Statistics about Vaginal Cancer? (American Cancer Society) Available in Spanish
- After chemotherapy - discharge Available in Spanish
- Pelvic (between the hips) radiation - discharge Available in Spanish
- Pelvic CT scan Available in Spanish
- Understanding Chemotherapy (National Cancer Institute) - PDF Available in Spanish
- Vaginal and Vulvar Cancer (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) - PDF Available in Spanish
- Vaginal tumors Available in Spanish
- What to Know about External Beam Radiation Therapy (National Cancer Institute) - PDF