Vitamin E is an antioxidant. It plays a role in your immune system and metabolic processes.
Good sources of vitamin E include
- Vegetable oils
- Nuts and seeds
- Leafy greens
Vitamin E is also added to foods like cereals. Most people get enough vitamin E from the foods they eat. People with certain disorders, such as liver diseases, cystic fibrosis, and Crohn's disease may need extra vitamin E.
Vitamin E supplements may be harmful for people who take blood thinners and other medicines. Check with your health care provider before taking the supplements.
NIH: National Institutes of Health Office of Dietary Supplements
- Facts about Vitamin E (University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences) Available in Spanish
- Find a Registered Dietitian Nutritionist (Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics)
- Selenium and Vitamin E Cancer Prevention Trial (SELECT): Questions and Answers (National Cancer Institute)
- Vitamin E (National Institutes of Health, Office of Dietary Supplements) Available in Spanish
- Vitamin E and Health (Harvard School of Public Health)
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Vitamin E (National Institutes of Health)
Journal ArticlesReferences and abstracts from MEDLINE/PubMed (National Library of Medicine)
- Article: α-Tocopherol bioavailability is lower in adults with metabolic syndrome regardless...
- Article: Carotenoids, retinol, tocopherols, and prostate cancer risk: pooled analysis of...
- Article: Femoral Head Penetration of Vitamin E-Infused Highly Cross-Linked Polyethylene Liners:...
- Vitamin E -- see more articles