AD 1644: England declares war on the Powhatan Chiefdom
Virginia, now a colony of the English crown, commits royal troops to defeat the Powhatan Chiefdom. The English march against the Pamunkeys, Chickahominies, and Powhatans. South of what is now known as the James River, they march against the Appomattocs, Weyanokes, Warraskoyaks, and Nansemonds, as well as two Carolina tribes, the Chowanokes and Secotans. Opechanacanough, the brother of Powhatan, a powerful leader, counterattacks but is eventually taken prisoner and assassinated in Jamestown. In 1646, England signs a treaty with the Indians but breaks it in a few years. The tribes are resticted to tribal preserves.
- Land and Water, Native Rights
Courtesy Helen C. Rountree