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Timeline / Defining Rights and Responsibilities / 1832: Winnebago–U.S. treaty promises doctor

1832: Winnebago–U.S. treaty promises doctor

The U.S. Department of War negotiates a treaty at Rock Island, Illinois, with the Winnebago Tribe in Wisconsin, stipulating that a physician will be provided as partial payment for millions of ceded acres. The treaty promises to deliver medical services to the tribe by assigning two doctors, one at Prairie du Chien, and one at Fort Winnebago.

Of the 389 treaties with tribes that the U.S. Congress ratified, most promise to send a doctor to the tribes; some promise to operate hospitals for the tribes.

Federal-Tribal Relations
Great Plains

An early view of Fort Winnebago, Portage, Wisconsin, ca. 1834

Courtesy Wisconsin Historical Society