1846: U.S and Britain set 49th Parallel as U.S.–Canada border
The U.S. negotiates with Britain to end a Canadian border dispute. Tribes are not consulted as the 49th Parallel becomes the boundary. Many Native people on either side of the line wake up in a different country, living under different laws than those they knew the night before. Whole tribes are displaced. Stories abound of settlers’ staking claims to Native-owned land and tearing down the houses of tribal families to appropriate building materials for their own homes. Families from many tribes find themselves homeless.
- Land and Water, Native Rights
- Great Plains, Northeast, Northwest Coast, Plateau