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Timeline / Citizenship, Services, and Sovereignty / 1924: American Indians granted U.S. citizenship

1924: American Indians granted U.S. citizenship

Inspired by the high rate of American Indian enlistment during World War I, President Calvin Coolidge signs the Indian Citizenship Act. American Indians, the first peoples of this country, are the last to receive citizenship. U.S. citizenship does not automatically make American Indians eligible to vote in some states, including Arizona, New Mexico, and South Dakota.

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President Calvin Coolidge at the White House with four from the Osage Nation, 1925

Courtesy Library of Congress