A hysterectomy is the removal of the uterus, resulting in the inability to become pregnant (sterility). May be done through the abdomen or the vagina.
Hysterectomy may be recommended for:
- severe, long-term (chronic) infections (pelvic inflammatory disease)
- severe inflammation of the lining of the uterus (endometriosis)
- tumors in the uterus
- uterine fibroids, cancer of the endometrium
- cancer of the cervix, cancer of the ovary
- severe, long-term (chronic) vaginal bleeding
Update Date 2/8/2013
Updated by: Susan Storck, MD, FACOG, Chief, Eastside Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Group Health Cooperative of Puget Sound, Bellevue, Washington; Clinical Teaching Faculty, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc., Editorial Team: David Zieve, MD, MHA, Bethanne Black, Stephanie Slon, and Nissi Wang.