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Wilms tumor is a rare type of kidney cancer. It causes a tumor on one or both kidneys. It usually affects children, but can happen in adults. Having certain genetic conditions or birth defects can increase the risk of getting it. Children that are at risk should be screened for Wilms tumor every three months until they turn eight.
Symptoms include a lump in the abdomen, blood in the urine, and a fever for no reason. Tests that examine the kidney and blood are used to find the tumor.
Doctors usually diagnose and remove the tumor in surgery. Other treatments include chemotherapy and radiation and biologic therapies. Biologic therapy boosts your body's own ability to fight cancer.
NIH: National Cancer Institute
- Can Wilms Tumor Be Found Early? (American Cancer Society)
Treatments and Therapies
- Complementary and Aternative Therapies for Wilms Tumor (American Cancer Society)
- Drugs Approved for Wilms Tumor and Other Childhood Kidney Cancers (National Cancer Institute)
- Nephrectomy (Kidney Removal) (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research)
- Treatment Option Overview (Wilms Tumor and Other Childhood Kidney Tumors) (National Cancer Institute)
- Treatment Options for Wilms Tumor (National Cancer Institute)
- Genetics Home Reference: Simpson-Golabi-Behmel syndrome (National Library of Medicine)
- Genetics Home Reference: WAGR syndrome (National Library of Medicine)
- Learning about WAGR Syndrome (National Human Genome Research Institute)
Statistics and Research
- What's New in Wilms Tumor Research and Treatment? (American Cancer Society)
- ClinicalTrials.gov: Wilms Tumor (National Institutes of Health)