Al-Qalyūbī is known primarily or his treatise on Prophetic medicine, of which several copies are preserved today, though he also wrote a number of other medical and related treatises, many of which are preserved today. Little is known of his life.
See GAL, vol. 2, pp. 364-5 (478-9); GAL-S, vol. 2, pp. 492-3; Ullmann, Medizin, p. 313. The first three chapters of his treatise on Prophetic medicine have been edited and translated into French by B. R. Sanguinetti, 'Quelques chapitres de médecine et de thérapeutique arabes, texte arabe, publié, traduit suivi d'une liste de termes techniques et autres', Journal Asiatique, 6th series, vol. 6 (1865), p. 378-469, vol. 7 (1866), p. 289-328; reprinted in Beiträge zur Geschichte der arabisch-islamischen Medizin (Frankfurt-am-Main: Institute für Geschichte der arabisch-islamischen Wissenschaften, 1987), vol. 1, pp. 594-727.
Born in 1448/851 in Cairo, al-Qasṭallānī became a scholar composed many treatises on religious and juridical topics, including a biography of the Prophet and a treatise on Prophetic medicine. He made two pilgrimages to Mecca.
The Ottoman physician Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad al-Qawṣūnī was court physician to Sultan Sulaymān I, who ruled from 1520 to 1566, and Selim II, who ruled from 1566 to 1574. Al-Qawṣūnī composed a treatise on the treatment of hemorrhoids addressed to travelers; NLM has a copy of this tract (MS A 92 item 3). He also wrote a book on poisons and their antidotes and a number of other treatises.
Fatḥ al-Dīn al-Qaysī composed his ophthalmological manual in Cairo and dedicated it to the Egyptian Ayyubid ruler al-Malik al-Salih II Najm al-Dyn Ayyub, who ruled from 1240 to 1249. This treatise dealt with the anatomy and physiology of the eye as well as the causes, symptoms of treatment of 125 eye conditions, some apparently described for the first time. NLM has one of the 14 recorded copies of this treatise.
For a German translation and historical study of this treatise, see Hans-Dieter Bischoff, Das Ergebnis des Nachdenkens über des Behandlung der Augenkrankheiten von Fath al-Din al-Qaisī [Europäische Hochschulschriften, Asiastische und Afrikanische Studies, n. 27] (Frankfurt am Main/New York: Peter Lang, 1988). See also, Ullmann, Medizin, p. 212; and GAL-S, vol. 1, pp. 897-898.
Born in the Persian town of Qazwīn, Zakarīyā’ ibn Muḥammad al-Qazwīnī served as legal expert and judge (qadi) in several different localities in Persia and Iraq. He travelled in Mesopotamia, Syria and Iraq and finally entered the circle patronized by the governor of Baghdad, ‘Ata-Malik Juwayni (d. 1283/682). It was to the latter that al-Qazwīnī dedicated his Arabic-language cosmography titled ‘Ajā’ib al-makhlūqāt wa-gharā’ib al-mawjūdāt (Marvels of Things Created and Miraculous Aspects of Things Existing). This treatise, frequently illustrated, was immensely popular and is preserved today in many copies, and it was translated into Persian and Turkish. Al-Qazwīnī was also well-known for his geographical dictionary, Athat al-bilad wa-akhbar al-‘ibad (Monument of Places and History of God's Bondsmen). Both of these treatises reflect extensive reading and learning in a wide range of disciplines.
For his life and works, see T. Lewick, 'Kazwini' in EI (2nd ed.), vol. 4, pp. 865-7; and L. Richter-Bernberg, 'al-Qazwīnī, Zakarīyā’ ibn Muḥammad', in Encyclopedia of Arabic Literature, ed. by Julie Scott Meisami and Paul Starkey (London: Routledge, 1998), vol. 2, pp. 637-8. His cosmography has been edited by F. Wüstenfeld, ‘Aja'ib al-makhluqat (Göttingen, 1849), and a partial German translation by A. Giese, Al-Qazwīnī, Die Wunder des Himmels und der Erde (Stuttgart and Vienna, 1986). His geographical dictionary was edited by Wüstenfeld as Athat al-bilad (Göttingen, 1848).
see Ibn al-Qifṭī
Qiwām al-Dīn Muḥammad al-Ḥasanī was a scholar who is known to have been working in the city of Qazwīn in Persia in the year 1694/1106 H. NLM has in its collections a rare copy of a collection of five Arabic poems concerned with medicine, astronomy, arithmetic, calligraphy, and proper conduct. These five poems were collectively titled al-Khamsah al-Qazwīnīyah (The Five Qazwini [poems]), a reference to the fact that the author worked in Qazwīn. The copy at NLM was copied by a professional scribe for the author, whose stamps are in the volume, next to a statement that he corrected the volume in the year 1132 [= 1719-1720]. Thus we learn from this volume that Qiwām al-Dīn Muḥammad al-Ḥasanī was still working in 1719.
For his writings, see GAL-S, vol. 1 p. 826 and vol. 2 p. 592.
Abū Manṣūr al-Ḥasan ibn Nūḥ al-Qumrī was the teacher of Ibn Sīnā (Avicenna). He was court physician to the Samanid prince al-Manṣūr, to whom he dedicated the only treatise by him that is preserved, the Kitāb al-Ghiná wa-al-muná (The Book of Wealth and Wishes), which was also known as al-Shamsīyah al-Manṣūrīyah (The Mansurian Sunshade) after its dedicatee. Little else in known of his life except that he died shortly after 990/380 H.