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Animals as Cold Warriors: Missiles, Medicine, and Man's Best Friend banner written in red lettering.

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World War II

During the Second World War, medical researchers and antivivisectionists drafted animals, primarily dogs, as partisans in the struggle over animal experimentation. With the rise of Cold War, pervasive anticommunism and fears of atomic annihilation moved animals and animal experimentation to center stage, mediating fierce conflicts over medical research and international politics.

A wounded serviceman lies on a stretcher outside a building. A crouching medic holds an IV over the serviceman. Behind them are two women with a small girl between them looking at the men.
Four service men are loading a patient on a stretcher into an airplane.

Medical researchers emphasized the role of animal tests in developing battlefield medicine in order to establish support for continued animal experimentation.
(NLM, MS C 417, Box 73)

A yellow flyer for the Illinoi Anti-Vivisection Society featuring a War Dog with its discharge papers lying on its paws. The flyer asks to help outlaw vivisection.
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Antivivisectionists highlighted the loyalty of war dogs to make the case against animal experimentation.
(NLM, MS C 417, Box 12)