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John P. Phair

In June 1874, firemen putting out a blaze at a house in Rutland, Vermont discovered the body of Ann Freeze, a 27-year-old prostitute. Freeze’s throat had been cut, her body had several stab wounds, and her jewelry was missing. Suspicion fell on John P. Phair, a handsome young mechanic with a criminal record, who had been Freeze’s lover. Phair went into hiding, but was discovered attempting to pawn goods stolen from Freeze. He was arrested for murder and found guilty and sentenced to be hanged. New evidence came to light, and the Governor granted Phair several reprieves. He was finally hanged in 1879, after almost five years on death row.


Front cover of John P. Phair: A complete history of Vermont's celebrated murder case: Containing a report of the trial and conviction for the murder of Ann E. Freeze, at Rutland, the hearing on exceptions, the sentence, 'dying statement,' two reprieves, legislative proceedings, petitions for new trial, and final effort to stay execution.John P. Phair: A complete history of Vermont's celebrated murder case: Containing a report of the trial and conviction for the murder of Ann E. Freeze, at Rutland, the hearing on exceptions, the sentence, "dying statement," two reprieves, legislative proceedings, petitions for new trial, and final effort to stay execution. Compiled from the stenographer's report and official records, by E.C. Carrigan. 112 pp. (Boston, 1879).

NLM Unique ID: 101480819
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Mary Stannard

In 1879, 22-year-old Mary Stannard was found clubbed and poisoned, with her throat was slit. Reverend Herbert Hayden was charged with the murder. Hayden had gotten to know Stannard because he had counseled her after she had a child out of wedlock. He was married and had several children, who Stannard had occasionally taken care of. At trial, it came out that before the murder Hayden had purchased some arsenic and that Stannard was pregnant. It also came out that many people believed that Hayden was having an affair with Stannard. The prosecution's case was based solely on forensic evidence and Hayden’s wife perjured herself to protect her husband. Despite the testimony of medical experts, the jury could not agree on a verdict, and Hayden was acquitted.


The front cover of The Rev. Herbert H. Hayden; an autobiography. The Mary Stannard murder; tried on circumstantial evidence featuring the head and shoulders, left pose of Reverend Herbert H. Hayden in the center of the cover.Hayden panel of images. The title page of The Rev. Herbert H. Hayden; an autobiography. The Mary Stannard murder; tried on circumstantial evidence. Illustrated. A page featuring four engravings of the counsel. In the upper left corner is the head and shoulders, right pose of George H. Watrous. In the upper right corner is the head and shoulders, left pose of Samuel F. Jones. In the bottom left corner is the head and shoulders, right pose of Thomas M. Waller. In the bottom right corner is the head and shoulders, left pose of Lynde Harrison. An engraving of the head and shoulders, right pose of Mary E. Stannard, from a photograph taken shortly before her death. An engraving of the head and shoulders, left pose of Rev. Herbert H. Hayden, from a photograph taken Dec. 1879. An engraving of the head and shoulders, right pose of Mrs. Hayden, from a photograph taken Dec. 1879. An engraving of two opened pocket knives. The top knife is Mr. Hayden's and the bottom was the knife found near the scence of the tragedy. Engraving of the Hayden family. Mrs. Hayden is seated, right pose holding a small girl sitting on her left knee. Standing to her right is her son with his right hand tucked into his shirt and his left hand resting on her right knee. Mr. Hayden is seated, left pose to the side of Mrs. Hayden. His left arm is around his daughter standing on his left side. An engraving of the wooded area where  Mary E. Stannard's body was found. A stake in the ground represents where her head was lying, the body inclining on the ground as shown by the boards. A pail shows where the one she took with her to get blackberries was discovered when she was found dead. The Rev. Herbert H. Hayden; an autobiography. The Mary Stannard murder; tried on circumstantial evidence... Author: Herbert Hiram Hayden. 164 pp. (Hartford, CT, 1880).

NLM Unique ID: 28410780R
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