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A masked woman patient sits in front of a brick wall next to a window and demonstrates symptoms with hand gestures.Symptoms in Schizophrenia
ca. 1930 / 12:00
James D. Page (University of Rochester, School of Medicine)
Silent, black-and-white.


German E. Berrios, A History of Mental Symptoms: Descriptive Psychopathology since the Nineteenth Century (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1996).

German E. Berrios & Roy Porter, eds., A History of Clinical Psychiatry: The Origins and History of Psychiatric Disorders (New York: New York University Press, 1995), chaps. 10-13.

Joel Braslow, Mental Ills and Bodily Cures: Psychiatric Treatment in the First Half of the Twentieth Century (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997).

Jean Garrabé, Histoire de la schizophrénie (Paris: Seghers, 1992).

Gerald N. Grob, The Mad among Us: A History of the Care of America’s Mentally Ill (New York: Free Press, 1994), chap. 5-6.

Ida Macalpine & Richard A. Hunter, Schizophrenia, 1677: A Psychiatric Study of an Illustrated Autobiographical Record of Demoniacal Possession (London: W. Dawson, 1956).

Richard Noll, American Madness: The Rise and Fall of Dementia Praecox (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2011), chap. 8.

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