History of Medicine
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Greek Medicine
I swear by Apollo Physician... Greek Medicine from the Gods to Galen


In the middle of the second century C.E., Artemidorus of Daldis in Asia Minor wrote Oneirocritica, a work dedicated to the interpretation of dreams. He gathered evidence during interviews with thousands of people about their dreams. While his work has often been dismissed as mere divination, the careful study of dreams by modern psychiatrists has brought them back into the realm of scientific observation.

Artemidorus. Ονειροκριτικων βιβλια πεντε. (Venice: Aldus Manutius, 1518).

Title page in Greek and Latin of Artemidorus. De Somniorum interpretation (Venice: The House of Aldus Manutius, 1518). Featured is the Aldine woodcut printer’s device, a large anchor with a dolphin wrapped around it.  NLM Call number: WZ 240 A786ds 1518. This is the first Greek edition of Artemidorus Ονειροκριτικων.

Artemidorus. De somniurum interpretatione … (Basel: Froben, 1544).

Book opened showing Latin text with manuscript initial letter 'I' in red ink, from: Artemidorus. De somniurum interpretatione … (Basileae: Per Hieronymum Frobenium..., 1544). NLM Call number: WZ 240 A786dsL 1544. This early Latin edition of Artemidorus' Oneirocritica included his treatise on insomnia, Περι ενυπνιων.


"In later antiquity Artemidorus of Daldis was regarded as the greatest authority on dream-interpretation ..."

—Sigmund Freud, The Interpretation of Dreams

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