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Banner for Historic Medical Sites in the Washington, DC Area, Celebrating the Bicentennial of the Nation's Capital featuring an orange background with cream letters.
A black & white front angle view of the Washington Infirmary Hospital- a multi-story building with a roof and large white columns at the entrance.

Washington Infirmary, the city's first teaching hospital


Site of Washington Infirmary
E Street, NW between 4th and 5th Streets
(Judiciary Square)
Washington, DC

In 1806, the first public hospital in Washington was established in a square between 6th and 7th Streets, and M and N Streets, NW. Called Washington Infirmary, it provided for "the poor, disabled, and infirm persons." In 1842, Congress authorized the conversion of the old jail in the Judiciary Square into a hospital for disabled seamen and soldiers and the insane. Two years later, however, Congress decided that the building was not suitable for that purpose and assigned it to the medical faculty of Columbian College (later became George Washington University). Also named Washington Infirmary, this hospital became the city's first teaching hospital as well as the city's first general hospital. At the beginning of the Civil War, Washington Infirmary was taken over by the military, and it received the first war casualties in May 1861. But the facility burned to the ground in November 1861 and was later replaced by the Judiciary Square Hospital.

See: #10 on Downtown Map.

Nearest Metro Station: 'Judiciary Square' on Red Line.

Non-existing building.

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