History of Medicine
HISTORY as Today's News
In the late 1960s, when science and medicine in many ways were at the height of their power, the very structure of professional authority came under question. The calm of the academy was disturbed by the civil rights, anti-war, and feminist movements, and by demands for environmental protection, occupational safety, and reproductive rights, as the younger generation declared its disenchantment with the status quo.
In this context, medical historians who had been trained in the burgeoning graduate programs of the sixties reached for a broader relevance. Emulating the scholarly standards of their mentors, they also nurtured an ideal of political engagement and sought out new audiences. They began to articulate a public relevance for the history of medicine by addressing medical professionals and policy makers, testifying before public agencies and commissions, appearing in court and in Congress, and interpreting history in popular exhibitions, magazines, films, and public television programs. The history of medicine thus emerged from the academy to become part of today's news.
Allan Brandt, historian of medicine at Harvard University, reproduced these World War II-era posters in his highly regarded social history of venereal disease in the United States.
No Magic Bullet: A Social History of Venereal Disease in the United States Since 1880
New York, 1985
NLM Call Number: WC 11 AA1 B8n 1985, figures 16-19
This article is one result of Brandt's collaborative work with colleagues in law, epidemiology and health policy. Brandt also contributed to studies on the same subject organized by the National Academy of Science's Institute of Medicine, the nation's most esteemed health policy advisory body.
"FDA Regulation of Tobacco Advertising and Youth Smoking: Historical, Social, and Constitutional Perspectives," Journal of the American Medical Association
Chicago, February 5, 1997, Volume 277, Number 5, Page 410-411
Copyrighted 1997, American Medical Association
NLM Call Number: W1 J221
Final Report: Executive Summary and Guide to Final Report
NLM Call Number: W 20.55 H9 U58a 1995, Title Page
Courtesy of Susan Lederer
Since its publication, Rosner and Markowitz's Deadly Dust has been introduced in court cases as evidence that manufacturers either "knew" or "should have known" the dangers workers faced in various "dusty trades," particularly sand blasting and granite cutting. A major issue in the cases has been the inadequacy of warnings given to workers. Prior to the lawsuits, only a general warning about the danger of working with silica was placed on the side of bags; since the lawsuits, detailed warnings have become more common.
Deadly Dust: Silicosis and the Politics of Occupational Disease in Twentieth-Century America
(c) 1991 by Princeton University Press.
All rights reserved.
NLM Call Number: WF 11 AA1 R8d 1991, Cover
This historical monograph helped re-open the silicosis issue for the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), and the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) of the United States Department of Labor.
Dying for Work: Worker's Safety and Health in Twentieth-Century America
Bloomington and Indianapolis, 1989
NLM Call Number: WA 11 AA1 D93 1987, Cover
Dying for Work is a pioneering collection of essays on the occupational health and safety risks facing American workers during this century.