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Brown ArrowHealth Disparities

Healthcare disparities refer to differences in access to or availability of facilities and services. Health status disparities refer to the variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between socioeconomic and/or geographically defined population groups. [Both definitions are from the 2009 Medical Subject Headings (MeSH).]

Search Queries Using NLM Resources: Health Disparities

News: Health Disparities

Data, Tools, and Statistics

Listing of Disparity-related data tools and statistics.

  • AHRQ Health Care Innovations Exchange - (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ))  Details

    The Innovations Exchange offers health professionals and researchers the opportunity to share, learn about, and ultimately adopt evidence-based innovations and tools suitable for a range of health care settings and populations.

  • Brother, You're on My Mind Toolkit - (National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities, NIH (NIMHD) USA)  Details

    A new toolkit is designed to assist Omega Psi Phi Fraternity chapters and partners in educating the community on depression and stress in African American men.

  • CHW Health Disparities Initiative - (National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, NIH (NHLBI))  Details

    Sponsored by the NHLBI. Provides educational materials, resources, and strategies tailored to minority groups and health disparate populations, with a focus on preventing and reducing the incidence of heart disease and increasing overall health.

  • Children's Health and Education Mapping Tool - (School-Based Health Alliance USA)  Details

    Provides county-level GIS information on child health, education, and socioeconomic status, as well as health facilities and school-based health center locations.

  • Culture, Language and Health Literacy - (Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA))  Details

    This collection of resources, including toolkits, videos, and workbooks, is aimed at healthcare providers, to enable them to better address the cultural, language and health literacy needs of their consumers.

  • DiversityDataKids - (Brandeis University, The Heller School U.S.A.)  Details

    This tool allows you to analyze data by race/ethnicity, compare data across states, metropolitan areas, counties, large cities, and large school districts, and compare policy indicators across states.

  • - (Center for Advancing Health USA, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health)  Details

    - allows visitors to explore how metropolitan areas throughout the U.S. perform on a diverse range of social measures that comprise a well-rounded life experience. The site provides access to socioeconomic indicators for metropolitan areas in the form of tables, thematic maps, and customizable reports.

  • HRET Disparities Toolkit - (Health Research and Educational Trust (HRET))  Details

    The Toolkit is a Web-based tool that provides hospitals, health systems, clinics, and health plans information and resources for systematically collecting race, ethnicity, and primary language data from patients.

  • HSRR (Health Services and Sciences Research Resources) - (National Library of Medicine, National Information Center on Health Services Research and Health Care Technology)  Details

    HSRR is a searchable database of information about research datasets, instruments/indices and software employed in Health Services Research, the Behavioral and Social Sciences and Public Health. The database includes brief descriptions of research resources and links to PubMed.

  • Health Disparities Calculator - (National Cancer Institute, NIH (NCI))  Details

    Statistical software designed to generate multiple summary measures to evaluate and monitor health disparities (HD). HD*Calc was created as an extension of SEER*Stat that allows the user to import SEER Data or other population based health data such as National Health Interview Survey, California Health Interview Survey, Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey, and National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

  • Health Disparities Resources for Researchers - (National Cancer Institute, NIH (NCI))  Details

    Lists links to resources for researchers of health disparities. Incldues instruments and questionnaires, surveys, various studies, and links to health disparities reports.

  • Health Equity Assessment Toolkit (HEAT) - (World Health Organization (WHO))  Details

    A tool from WHO designed to assess intra-country health inequalities. The toolkit allows researchers to explore or compare inequalities between countries.

  • Health Equity State Snapshots - (Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO))  Details

    Summaries of data collected through ASTHO's Health Equity-Minority Health Survey to assess health equity efforts in the U.S. states and territories.

  • Healthy People 2010 Final Review - (National Center for Health Statistics, CDC (NCHS))  Details

    The Healthy People 2010 Final Review presents a quantitative end-of-decade assessment of progress in achieving the Healthy People 2010 objectives and goals over the course of the decade.

  • Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI) Map - (Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI))  Details

    This map is a free, open resource for those interested in sharing IHI's mission of improving health care. This includes access to various "How To Guides," for example, prevent ventilator-associated pneumonia; prevent surgical site infection; prevent adverse drug events, etc.

  • Mapping Medicare Disparities - (Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS))  Details

    This interactive tool was designed to identify areas of disparities between subgroups of Medicare beneficiaries in outcomes, utilizations and spending. Search limits include year, county or state, age, condition, and gender.

  • NHQRDRNet Online Query System - (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ))  Details

    Online query system that allows you to access national and state data on the quality of, and access to, health care from scientifically credible measures and data sources. This is an interactive tool to explore data from the National Healthcare Quality & Disparities Reports.

  • National Healthcare Quality & Disparities Reports - (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ))  Details

    This website includes access to all reports from this series, as well as a data query section, which allows researchers to find data based on geographic, subject, and topic area.

  • National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports - (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ))  Details

    Provides state-specific health care quality information, including strengths, weaknesses, and opportunities for improvement. The goal is to help state officials and their public- and private-sector partners better understand health care quality and disparities in their state.

  • Salud America! Report Card - (Community Commons USA)  Details

    County-specific report card that highlights health issues and provides data, policy solutions, research and stories to begin and support health changes for Latino children.

  • State Health Gaps - (County Health Rankings & Roadmaps)  Details

    Provides state-level reports and data on gaps in opportunities for health between counties within each state.

  • Surveillance Research: Health Disparities - (National Cancer Institute, NIH (NCI))  Details

    Provides links to the following types of information: statistics by race/ethnicity, network for cancer control research among AI/AN populations, socioeconomic status and cancer, Native American initiatives, cancer in women of color monograph, status of cancer surveillance in minority and underserved populations, and SEER expansion.

  • The Health Inequality Project Details

    A project that uses big data to measure differences in life expectancy by income across areas and identify strategies to improve health outcomes. Site provides access to documents, city ranking, and datasets.

  • Women of Color Health Information Collection - (Office of Research on Women's Health, NIH)  Details

    The collection includes the Women of Color Health Data Book (2014), as well as discrete collections on Breast Cancer, HIV/AIDS, Diabetes Mellitus, and Cardiovascular Disease with data on race/ethnicity and disease.

Grants, Funding and Fellowships

Links to disparity-related grants, funding and fellowships.

  • Health Services Research on Minority Health and Health Disparities (R01) - (Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) U.S.)  Details

    The purpose of this Funding Opportunity Announcement is to encourage innovative exploratory and developmental health services research to improve minority health and/or reduce health disparities at the health care system-level as well as within clinical settings.

  • Health Services Research on Minority Health and Health Disparities (R21) - (Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) U.S.)  Details

    The purpose of this Funding Opportunity Announcement is to encourage innovative exploratory and developmental health services research to improve minority health and/or reduce health disparities at the health care system-level as well as within clinical settings.

  • Native American Research Centers for Health (NARCH) (S06) - (Indian Health Service (IHS), National Institutes of Health (NIH))  Details

    The purpose of this grant is to support health research projects prioritized by the tribal communities, work toward reducing health disparities in the AI/AN populations, enhance health research partnerships and reduce distrust of research by AI/AN communities, while promoting a cadre of scientists and health research professionals interested in AI/AN health research.

  • Surgical Disparities Research (R01) - (Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) U.S.)  Details

    This funding opportunity would investigate disparities in surgical care and outcomes, in minority and health disparity populations.

  • NLM Information Resource Grants to Reduce Health Disparities (G08) - (National Library of Medicine (NLM) U.S.)  Details

    A grant for projects that will bring useful, usable health information to health disparity populations and their health care providers. Proposed projects should exploit the capabilities of computer and information technology and health sciences libraries to bring health-related information to consumers and their health care providers.

  • Advancing Systemic Changes to Promote Healthy School Environments - (Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF))  Details

    RWJF seeks to advance systemic changes that embed health in school environments. To help advance these systemic changes, the Foundation will support a collaborative, multipronged strategy with three complementary areas of work related to Research, Policy, and Strategic Action.

  • Addressing Health Disparities in NIDDK Diseases (R01) - (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, NIH (NIDDK))  Details

    This Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) invites research projects to improve understanding of the causes of high priority diseases in the United States and reducing/eliminating health disparities.

  • Health Resources Services Administration (HRSA) Open Opportunities - (Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA))  Details

    Comprising six bureaus and 12 offices, HRSA provides leadership and financial support to health care providers in every state and U.S. territory. HRSA grantees provide health care to uninsured people, people living with HIV/AIDS, and pregnant women, mothers and children. They train health professionals and improve systems of care in rural communities.

  • Hispanic Health Services Research Grant Program - (Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS))  Details

    The purpose of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services' Hispanic Grant Program is to implement Hispanic American health services research activities to meet the needs of diverse CMS beneficiary populations.

  • The Commonwealth Fund Mongan Fellowship in Minority Health Policy - (Commonwealth Fund)  Details

    This Fellowship is designed to prepare for physicians for leadership roles in formulating and promoting health policies and practices that improve the access to high quality care at the national, state, and/or local levels for the minority, disadvantaged, and most vulnerable populations.


  • Age Discrimination Act of 1975 - (United States Department of Labor)  Details

    This legislation prohibits discrimination on the basis of age in programs or activities receiving Federal financial assistance.

  • Health Disparities: State Laws - (National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL))  Details

    An overview and multi-year database from NCSL of state-level legislation regarding health disparities.

  • Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 - (Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) U.S.)  Details

    This legislation prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in programs and activities conducted by HUD or that receive financial assistance from HUD.

  • Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 - (Department of Justice (DoJ) USA)  Details

    This legislation prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, and national origin in programs and activities receiving federal financial assistance.

Guidelines, Journals, Other Publications

Disparity-related publications.

  • 2013 Healthcare Disparities Report - (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ))  Details

    AHRQ produces the National Healthcare Quality Report (NHQR) and the National Healthcare Disparities Report (NHDR). These reports measure trends in effectiveness of care, patient safety, timeliness of care, patient centeredness, and efficiency of care. The reports present, in chart form, the latest available findings on quality of and access to health care. The National Healthcare Quality Report tracks the health care system through quality measures, such as the percentage of heart attack patients who received recommended care when they reached the hospital or the percentage of children who received recommended vaccinations. The National Healthcare Disparities Report summarizes health care quality and access among various racial, ethnic, and income groups and other priority populations, such as residents of rural areas and people with disabilities.

  • AHRQ Health Literacy - (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ))  Details

    Resources related to health literacy including health literacy measurement tools; strategies to improve communication; and for resources patients and consumers.

  • Disparities Policy - (Kaiser Family Foundation (KFF) US)  Details

    A compilation of Kaiser Family Foundation reports and Web links on various aspects of minority health.

  • Equity of Care Blog - (Equity of Care US)  Details

    This blog provides commentary by leaders in the field who are taking up the challenge of improving the quality of care for all patient populations and eliminating health care disparities.

  • HHS Disparities Action Plan - (Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) U.S.)  Details

    The HHS Action Plan to Reduce Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities outlines goals and actions the Department of Health and Human Services will take to reduce health disparities among racial and ethnic minorities.

  • Health Equity and Prevention Primer - (Prevention Institute)  Details

    Web-based training series for public health practitioners and advocates interested in policy advocacy, community change, and multi-sector engagement to achieve health equity.

  • Public Health and Community Health Centers 101 - (Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO))  Details

    Report provides an primer on community health centers, designed to serve as primary care providers in low-income, high minority, under-insured areas.

  • Quality/Equality Glossary - (Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF))  Details

    A glossary of key terms in the fields of health care quality, disparities reduction and quality improvement.

  • Unequal Treatment: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care - (National Academy of Medicine (NAM))  Details

    Congress, in 1999, requested an IOM study to assess the extent of disparities in the types and quality of health services received by U.S. racial and ethnic minorities and non-minorities; explore factors that may contribute to inequities in care; and recommend policies and practices to eliminate these inequities. This is the resulting report from the IOM study.

Key Organizations/Programs

Key organizations that focus on disparities.

  • 101 Million Healthier Lives - (Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI))  Details

    A collaboration from the Institute for Healthcare Improvement to create health, wellbeing, and equity. Focus is on community health, multi-disciplinary collaboration, policy changes, peer-to-peer support, culture change, and creating environments good at both health and care.

  • 500 Cities Project - (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF))  Details

    The 500 Cities Project provides city and census data on 27 chronic disease risk factors, health outcomes, and clinical preventive service use for the 500 largest U.S. cities as a means to provide benchmarks for population health. The 500 Cities data is available for download, report creation, and customizable visualizations.

  • AHRQ - Minority Health - (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ))  Details

    Links to AHRQ's minority health programs, reports, workshops, etc.

  • Behavioral Health Equity - (Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA))  Details

    The Office of Behavioral Health Equity works to reduce mental health and substance use disparities and improve access to quality care.

  • Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion - (Health Services Research and Development Service, Veterans Administration (HSR&D))  Details

    An HSR&D Center of Excellence whose mission is to reduce disparities and promote equity in health and health care among vulnerable groups of veterans and other populations.

  • Center for Health Equity and Wellness - (Adventist Health Care US)  Details

    Center for Health Equity and Wellness was created to raise community awareness about local health disparities, improve capacity to deliver population-based care, and develop solutions to eliminate local disparities in health care.

  • Commonwealth Fund Vulnerable Populations Details

    The goals of the program are to improve the overall quality of health care delivered to low-income and minority Americans, and to eliminate racial and ethnic health disparities. The program builds on efforts to improve quality of care overall in the United States, focusing on safety-net hospitals and ambulatory care providers serving large numbers of low-income and minority patients.

  • Disparities in Mental Health Services Research - (National Institute of Mental Health, NIH (NIMH))  Details

    This program plans, stimulates, disseminates, and supports research on the complex factors that influence disparities in mental health services, particularly across special population groups such as racial and ethnic groups, as well as women and children, and persons living in rural and frontier areas.

  • Health Impact in 5 Years (HI-5) - (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC))  Details

    The Health Impact in 5 Years (HI-5) initiative highlights non-clinical, community-wide approaches that have evidence reporting 1) positive health impacts, 2) results within five years, and 3) cost effectiveness and/or cost savings over the lifetime of the population or earlier.

  • Health Research & Educational Trust (HRET) - (American Hospital Association (AHA))  Details

    Management research to provide operational advice on improving quality, reducing costs and eliminating disparities. Link to toolkits, resources, and reports.

  • National Partnership for Action to End Health Disparities - (Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) U.S., National Partnership to End Health Disparities (NPA))  Details

    The mission of the National Partnership for Action is to mobilize and connect individuals and organizations across the country to create a Nation free of health disparities, with quality health outcomes for all people.

  • National Partnership for Action to End Health Disparities (NPA) - (Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) U.S.)  Details

    The mission of the National Partnership for Action is to mobilize and connect individuals and organizations across the country to create a Nation free of health disparities, with quality health outcomes for all people. The campaign, launched by the Office of Minority Health (OMH) focuses on health status and health outcomes among racial and ethnic minority populations.

  • New York Academy of Medicine (NYAM) - (New York Academy of Medicine)  Details

    NYAM has been advancing the health of people in cities since 1847. An independent organization, NYAM addresses the health challenges facing the world's urban populations through interdisciplinary approaches to innovative research, education, community engagement and policy leadership. Drawing on the expertise of diverse partners worldwide and more than 2,000 elected Fellows from across the professions, our current priorities are to create environments in cities that support healthy aging; to strengthen systems that prevent disease and promote the public's health; and to implement interventions that eliminate health disparities. Provides New York City and New York State health and community data resources.

  • Office of Minority Health (OMH) - (Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) U.S.)  Details

    The mission of the Office of Minority Health (OMH) is to improve and protect the health of racial and ethnic minority populations through the development of health policies and programs that will eliminate health disparities. Detailed information on cultural competency can be found on this site.

Meetings / Conferences / Webinars

Disparity-related meetings.

  • From Coverage to Care: Podcast - (Commonwealth Fund)  Details

    This podcast from May 1, 2015 examines the effects of the ACA on ethnic and racial minorities, and their ability to obtain health insurance.

  • HHS' Action Plan to Reduce Health Disparities (Webcast Transcript) - (Kaiser Family Foundation (KFF) US)  Details

    The April 25, 2011 program addressed the contents of the strategy and its timeline for implementation as well as its implications for providers. The panelists also discussed how the new strategy relates to other recently released HHS strategies including the National Strategy for Quality Improvement in Health Care, the National Prevention and Health Promotion Strategy, the Healthy People 2020 initiative and the National HIV/AIDS Strategy for the United States. Panelists also consider what the strategy's role as it relates to health reform implementation.

  • Roots of Health Inequity - (National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO))  Details

    An online training course for the public health workforce focused on different aspects of social justice as it relates to public health.