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Brown ArrowDomestic Violence

Researchers, policymakers and practitioners are actively engaged in efforts to assess, prevent and ameliorate the effects of domestic violence. This topic page highlights the growing literature and resources related to this problem, which has been historically hidden from view. The following terms guide the selection of resources for this page:

Domestic violence can be defined as attempting to cause or causing bodily injury to a family or household member or placing a family or household member by threat of force in fear of imminent physical harm. (Child Welfare Information Gateway)

Intimate partner violence is a serious, preventable public health problem that affects millions of Americans. The term describes physical violence, sexual violence, stalking and psychological aggression (including coercive acts) by a current or former intimate partner. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)

Reproductive and Sexual Coercion is defined as a "behavior intended to maintain power and control in a relationship related to reproductive health by someone who is, was, or wishes to be involved in an intimate or dating relationship with an adult or adolescent. This behavior includes explicit attempts to impregnate a partner against her will, control outcomes of a pregnancy, coerce a partner to have unprotected sex, and interfere with contraceptive methods" (American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists)

Child maltreatment is any act or series of acts of commission or omission by a parent or other caregiver (e.g., clergy, coach, teacher) that results in harm, potential for harm, or threat of harm to a child. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)

Elder abuse is a term referring to any knowing, intentional, or negligent act by a caregiver or any other person that causes harm or a serious risk of harm to a vulnerable adult. (Department of Health & Human Services)

Search Queries Using NLM Resources: Domestic Violence

Use the following structured searches on Domestic Violence, encompassing the terms above, to keep apprised of newly published or funded research and guidelines. (Note: you can tailor these searches to your specific information needs.)

News: Domestic Violence

  • Health Cares About Domestic Violence (HCADV) Day--13-SEP-2017 - (Futures Without Violence)  Details

    A nationally-recognized day that will take place on Wednesday, October 11, 2017. The awareness-raising day aims to reach members of the healthcare and advocacy communities to offer education about the critical importance of universal education to promote healthy relationships, address the health impact of abuse and offer warm referrals to domestic violence advocates.

Data, Tools and Statistics

  • 2015 U.S. Transgender Survey Report (2016) - (National Center for Transgender Equality USA)  Details

    An examination of the disparities faced by transgender people, this report provides detailed statistical information gleaned from a survey of 27,715 respondents from all 50 states, the District of Columbia, American Samoa, Guam, Puerto Rico, and U.S. military bases overseas.

  • Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study - (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)  Details

    Information from the study, which assesses the associations between childhood maltreatment and later-life health and well-being. Includes data and statistics, and publications. Details about the study itself are included.

  • Californians' Views on Gender, Sexism, and Domestic Violence - (Blue Cross Blue Shield Association (BCBSA) USA)  Details

    Blue Shield of California Foundation sponsored this survey of adult Californians to understand their views on sexism, inequality, and domestic violence. The survey also looked at actions Californians are willing to take when faced with domestic violence in their own lives as well as broader political actions they might take on this issue.

  • Child Health USA (2014) - (Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), HHS)  Details

    Annual report on the health status and service needs of America's children. The report is a compilation of secondary data for many health status indicators, and provides both graphical and textual summaries of data and addresses long-term trends.

  • Child Maltreatment - (Administration for Children and Families (ACF), HHS)  Details

    This is a series of statistical reports, available in pdf, on child maltreatment and abuse, beginning in 1995. Since 2010, the report is also available as an Excel spreadsheet.

  • Core State Violence and Injury Prevention Program (Core SVIPP) - (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)  Details

    "A program from the CDC that provides funding to state-level health departments for preventing violence and injury in their communities. The program's goal is to implement and evaluate evidence-based injury and violence prevention (IVP) programs and policies at the state level. The site provides tools, guidelines, and information on creating violence and injury prevention initiatives."

  • Get the Facts - (Futures Without Violence)  Details

    25 specialized fact sheets on domestic violence, sexual violence and child abuse, with statistical data about all issues.

  • National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS) - (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)  Details

    Findings from the National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS), a nationally-representative telephone survey that collects detailed information on sexual violence, stalking, and intimate partner violence victimization of adult women and men in the United States.

  • National Survey Publications and Chartbooks - (Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), HHS)  Details

    HRSA's Maternal and Child Health programs promote and improve the health of mothers, infants, children, and adolescents, including low-income families, those with diverse racial and ethnic heritages, and those living in rural or isolated areas without access to care. Publications include materials on health care, prenatal care and newborn screening, and preventive care and research. Included here are National Survey of Children's Health, National Survey of Children with Special Health Care Needs, Child Health USA, and Women's Health USA.

  • National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) - (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)  Details

    Provides states and communities with a clearer understanding of violent deaths to guide local decisions about efforts to prevent violence and track progress over time.

  • Statistics/Data: Elder Abuse - (National Center on Elder Abuse, ACL USA)  Details

    This website provides detailed statistics on the elderly population, elder abuse, abuse in long-term care and nursing homes, dementia and elder abuse, those who abuse, and the impact of elder abuse.

  • Violence Prevention: Evidence Base - (World Health Organization (WHO))  Details

    This tool from the Centre for Public Health provides access to abstracts from international published studies that have measured the effectiveness of interventions to prevent violence, including child abuse, elder abuse, and intimate partner violence.

Data Elements and Definitions

A set of recommendations designed to promote consistency in the use of terminology and data collection

Assessment Tools, Guidelines and Publications

  • Community Health SIM - (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)  Details

    This game-like experience demonstrates the connections between violence and community issues. Users are given the chance to serve as a consultant to VetoVille, a city working to address issues many communities face: rising health care costs, safety concerns, education challenges, and limited resources with which to address them. Users decide how to spend those resources and then get a glimpse-15 years in the future-of how the choices and investments affect the long-term success of VetoVille. This engaging tool illustrates that many issues are related to violence in our communities. Ultimately, users discover that preventing violence requires more than determining how to allocate resources - planning and strategic action are also necessary if we want to prevent violence before it happens.

Screening Assessments and Protocols

  • Abuse Assessment Screen (A.A.S.) images/pdf.gif icon - (American Medical Association (AMA))  Details

    The AAS is a five question tool designed to allow clinicians or screeners to quickly determine patients in an abusive situation.

  • Screening for Domestic Violence in Health Care Settings - (Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE), HHS USA)  Details

    This brief discusses the reasons for screening in health care settings, the current prevalence of screening and reasons this prevalence is relatively low, existing evidence about screening, and next steps toward ensuring that screening becomes an effective preventive service.

  • Woman Abuse Screening Tool (WAST) images/pdf.gif icon Details

    Published in 1996, this eight question test is a screening tool developed for use by family physicians in screening for emotional and/or physical abuse of women.

Guidelines

  • Committee Opinion: Intimate Partner Violence (2012) - (American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) USA)  Details

    Recommendations from the Committee on Health Care for Underserved Women of ACOG on intimate partner violence screening, this document also contains an example of a screening tool.

  • Committee Opinion: Sexual Assault (2014) - (American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) USA)  Details

    A summary from ACOG on prevalence, consequences, healthcare provider roles and responsibilities, and recommendations on sexual assault, including with a former or current intimate partner.

  • Diagnostic and Treatment Guidelines on Domestic Violence (1992) images/pdf.gif icon - (American Medical Association (AMA))  Details

    These guidelines are intended to: provide an overview of the issue, assist in identification of victims through screening, help in the assessment of impact, provide questions to meaningful responses, provide resources for referral and the legal aspects of reporting requirements.

  • Reproductive and Sexual Coercion: Committee Opinion (2013) - (American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) USA)  Details

    This document presents recommendations for physicians, to improve the health of women suffering from reproductive or sexual coercion, efforts on the part of a partner to impregnate a partner against her will, control outcomes of a pregnancy, coerce a partner to have unprotected sex, and interfere with contraceptive methods.

  • Substance Abuse Treatment and Domestic Violence (2012) images/pdf.gif icon - (Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), HHS)  Details

    One quarter to one half of abusive men have substance abuse problems. This Treatment Improvement Protocol focuses on men who abuse their female partners and women who are battered by their male partners.

  • Violence as a Public Health Problem - (American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN))  Details

    This document provides a definition, background and recommendations for screening and prevention of domestic violence.

Related Publications

  • Elder Abuse - (U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) USA)  Details

    Links to a summary of this issue, key reports, and videos

  • Health e-Bulletin - (Futures Without Violence)  Details

    This is is a semi-annual online publication produced by FUTURES and the National Health Resource Center on Domestic Violence.

  • A Health Equity and Multisector Approach to Preventing Domestic Violence (JUly 2017) - (Prevention Institute)  Details

    Report offers research, analysis, and frameworks to understand the factors in the community environment that support safe relationships and a reduction in domestic violence (DV). It identifies opportunities for 13 sectors to engage in DV prevention, and offers a method for multiple sectors to identify joint strengths, strategies, and outcomes.

  • INSPIRE: Seven strategies for Ending Violence Against Children - (World Health Organization (WHO))  Details

    A WHO report that outlines implementation of seven strategies in combating violence against children: implementation and enforcement of laws; norms and values; safe environments; parent and caregiver support; income and economic strengthening; response and support services; and education and life skills.

  • Intersection of Intimate Partner Violence and HIV in Women (2014) images/pdf.gif icon - (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)  Details

    Women and men who report a history of intimate partner violence are more likely to report behaviors known to increase the risk for HIV, including injection drug use, treatment for a sexually transmitted infection, giving or receiving money or drugs for sex, and unprotected sexual intercourse.

  • IPV Health Partners - (Futures Without Violence)  Details

    Toolkit provides information for promoting domestic violence and health partnerships for domestic violence/sexual assault advocates, and for health centers.

  • Screening for Domestic Violence in Health Care Settings (2013) - (Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE), HHS USA)  Details

    In support of policies on intimate partner violence screening, this brief presents the state of practice and research regarding effective screening. It is intended for policy makers, health care practitioners, and other stakeholders.

Education and Training

  • Dating Matters: Understanding Teen Dating Violence Prevention - (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)  Details

    This free online course is designed to communicate the relevance of teen dating violence prevention to educators, school personnel, youth leaders, and others working to improve the health of teens. It is part of a set of tools which allows comprehensive teen dating prevention initiatives to assess their capacity to implement comprehensive teen dating violence prevention programs by surveying stakeholders.

  • Domestic Violence: Understanding the Basics - (National Resource Center on Domestic Violence (NRCDV) USA)  Details

    This 1 hour interactive eLearning module is designed to acquaint new advocates and health care professionals with the issues surrounding domestic violence.

  • Home Visitation - (Futures Without Violence)  Details

    Healthy Moms, Happy Babies: Train the Trainer Home Visitation Curriculum and safety cards for distribution by the home visitor.

  • National Sexual Violence Resource Center Courses - (National Sexual Violence Resource Center (NSVRC) USA)  Details

    NSVRC offers online courses on sexual violence in housing, Latin communities, rural communities, older adults, disasters, trauma, and primary prevention of sexual violence.

  • Principles of Prevention - (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)  Details

    This free online course introduces users to the fundamental aspects of violence and violence prevention. It explains the key concepts of primary prevention, the CDC's role and public health approach, and the use of the social ecological model for violence prevention.

  • Principles of Prevention (POP) - (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)  Details

    An online course (75-90 minutes to complete) which features videos, animation, and interactive exercises developed to allow participants to define violence, describe the burden of violence in the United States, distinguish primary prevention from secondary and tertiary prevention, identify the 4 levels of the Social Ecological Model, and describe the public health approach to violence prevention.

  • Training Curricula - (National Center on Elder Abuse, ACL USA)  Details

    Slide sets and guides designed to train professionals on physical, emotional, psychological, and financial abuse of elders. Also includes a toolkit A Guide to Planning Your Elder Abuse Presentation.

  • Trauma-Informed Domestic Violence Services - (National Resource Center on Domestic Violence (NRCDV) USA)  Details

    This three-part program is designed to assist in the development of programs related to domestic violence services. The modules include: Understanding the Framework and Approach, Building Program Capacity, and Developing Collaborations and Increasing Access.

  • Understanding Evidence: Introduction to Evidence-based Decision Making - (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)  Details

    This free online educational module is designed to educate practitioners, advocates, public health professionals and researchers on the types of evidence involved in decision-making, on data collection methodologies, and on the identification standards of practice in research evidence and the factors that can influence decisions. Modules focus on child maltreatment and intimate partner violence.

Meetings/Conferences/Webinars

Upcoming

Past

  • Webinars and Podcasts - (National Center on Elder Abuse, ACL USA)  Details

    A series of webinars and podcasts from the National Center on Elder Abuse

Grants, Funding and Fellowships

  • DELTA (Domestic Violence Prevention Enhancement and Leadership Through Alliances) Impact - (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)  Details

    The DELTA program funds State Domestic Violence Coalitions (SDVCs) to implement statewide IPV prevention efforts, while also providing assistance and funding for local communities to implement IPV prevention activities. Different iterations of DELTA have focused funding on increasing organizational capacity, implementation and evaluation of IPV primary prevention activities.

  • Campus Leaders Fellowship - (Futures Without Violence)  Details

    The program convenes graduate-level students from across the country looking to make a difference on their campuses. Each year, a cohort of students from a diverse range of health care fields-including medicine, nursing, public health, social work, and more-are selected to participate in the program.

  • GMLA Lesbian Health Fund - (Health Professionals Advancing LGBT Equality (GLMA))  Details

    Grants to fund research to improve the health of lesbians and other sexual minority women, including a focus on health care inequalities, societal and domestic violence, reproductive health, and interventions for mental and physical health.

  • Grant Programs - (U.S. Department of Justice (DoJ) USA)  Details

    The Office on Violence Against Women currently administers 24 grant programs authorized by the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) of 1994 and subsequent legislation.

Legislation

  • Child Welfare Enacted Legislation - (National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL))  Details

    Search legislation by state from 2012 forward. Also available is a link to a separate database of legislation from 2005-2011. Categories include child abuse and neglect, child fatality, and education.

  • Domestic Violence Legislation 2013-2014 - (National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL))  Details

    This document outlines state policies over a two-year period in the areas of domestic violence, victim's rights, and funding for victim services.

  • Elder Abuse: State Laws - (National Center on Elder Abuse, ACL USA)  Details

    This set of links provides access to several different websites which provide detailed information on elder protection statues throughout the states.

  • Laws on Violence Against Women - (Office of Research on Women's Health, NIH)  Details

    This website provides an overview of federal legislation aimed at preventing violence against women.

  • Public Policy - (National Center on Elder Abuse, ACL USA)  Details

    The National Center on Elder Abuse has compiled a list of federal and state legislation, government reports, congressional hearings related to elder abuse.

  • State Laws Details

    National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges provides a series of charts on state-specific child protection and child custody laws in the context of domestic violence.

  • State Statutes Search - (Administration for Children and Families (ACF), HHS)  Details

    Search by state for specific legislation. Included are search limits for child abuse and neglect, child welfare, and adoption.

Key Organizations

  • Anti-Violence Project Details

    APV assists lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and HIV-affected communities and allies to end all forms of violence through organizing and education, and supports survivors through counseling and advocacy. Under Resources, visit the National Training and Technical Assistance Center on Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, & Queer (LGBTQ) Cultural Competency for detailed information on IPV screening tools.

  • Center for Research on Violence Against Women, University of Kentucky Details

    The University of Kentucky's Center for Research on Violence Against Women leadership team of endowed faculty is focused on producing excellent research designed to improve the quality of life of those affected by forms of violence that disproportionately involve women. Our ultimate goal through our efforts of conducting and disseminating research is to prevent such violence.

  • Domestic Violence Resource Network (DVRN) Details

    The Network includes two national resource centers, four special issue resource centers, three culturally-specific resource centers, the National Domestic Violence Hotline, and the National LGBTQ DV Capacity Building Learning Center. The DVRN works collaboratively to promote practices and strategies to improve our nation's response to domestic violence.

  • Futures Without Violence Details

    Futures Without Violence provides programs, policies, campaigns, and training towards the goal of ending violence against women and children.

  • NO MORE - (U.S. Department of Justice (DoJ) USA)  Details

    NO MORE is a 501(c)(3) charity that provides sponsorship to projects and campaigns on a range of social justice issues and aims to raise public awareness and engagement around ending domestic violence and sexual assault.

  • National Health Resource Center on Domestic Violence Details

    Supports health care practitioners, administrators and systems, domestic violence experts, survivors, and policy makers at all levels as they improve health care's response to domestic violence. The Center supports leaders in the field through groundbreaking model professional, education and response programs, cutting edge advocacy and sophisticated technical assistance. The Center offers a wealth of free, culturally responsive materials that are appropriate for a wide variety of health professions and settings.

  • The DELTA FOCUS Program: Intimate Partner Violence is Preventable - (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)  Details

    DELTA FOCUS (Domestic Violence Prevention Enhancements and Leadership Through Alliances, Focusing on Outcomes for Communities United with States) is a five-year cooperative agreement funding a 10 state domestic violence coalition (Alaska, California, Delaware, Florida, Idaho, Indiana, Michigan, North Carolina, Ohio, Rhode Island) to engage in primary prevention of intimate partner violence.

  • Violence Prevention: Centre for Public Health - (World Health Organization (WHO))  Details

    The Centre for Public Health at Liverpool John Moores University is a WHO Collaborating Centre for Violence Prevention. The website provides access to a database of abstracts of published papers, a trials registry, and a listing of international reports on the topic.

  • Women of Color Network Details

    The mission of this organization is to provide and enhance leadership capacity and resources that promote the activities of women of color advocates and activists

Web Portals & Collections

  • Teen Dating Violence - (National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, CDC)  Details

    Detailed resources to inform professionals on teen dating violence, as well as information that can be used to assist the victim.

  • Veto Violence - (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)  Details

    Definitions, risk and protective Factors, consequences and research aimed at prevention practitioners to assist them in launching or enhancing local prevention efforts. Free registration is required to use any interactive tools.