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Brown ArrowDissemination and Implementation Science

Dissemination is the purposive distribution of information and intervention materials to a specific public health or clinical practice audience. The intent is to spread information and the associated evidence-based interventions. Research on dissemination addresses how information about health promotion and care interventions is created, packaged, transmitted, and interpreted among a variety of important stakeholder groups. [Internet]. 4th Annual NIH Conference on the Science of Dissemination and Implementation: Policy and Practice [cited 30 March 2012].

Implementation science is the study of methods to promote the integration of research findings and evidence into healthcare policy and practice. It seeks to understand the behavior of healthcare professionals and other stakeholders as a key variable in the sustainable uptake, adoption, and implementation of evidence-based interventions. As a newly emerging field, the definition of implementation science and the type of research it encompasses may vary according [to] setting and sponsor. However, the intent of implementation science and related research is to investigate and address major bottlenecks (e.g. social, behavioral, economic, management) that impede effective implementation, test new approaches to improve health programming, as well as determine a causal relationship between the intervention and its impact. [Internet]. NIH Fogarty International Center, Frequently Asked Questions about Implementation Sciences [cited 10 February 2012].

Additional HSR resources related to Implementation Science may be found in the Main Topic pages for Comparative Effectiveness Research (CER), and/or Evidence-Based Practice/Health Technology Assessment, and/or Quality .

Quality improvement tools and training for the public health workforce can be found on the Partners in Information Access for the Public Health Workforce site.

Information on this page is not an index of all Dissemination and Implementation Science health services research resources on the Web. Rather, this page contains selective links representing a sample of available information. Items are selected for their quality, authority of authorship, uniqueness, and appropriateness.

Search Queries Using NLM Resources: Dissemination and Implementation Science

News: Dissemination and Implementation Science

Data, Tools, & Statistics

  • AHRQ Data Resources - (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), HHS)  Details

    AHRQ provides access to a plethora of data and surveys on healthcare access, expenditures, quality, etc.

  • HSRR (Health Services and Sciences Research Resources) - (National Information Center on Health Services Research and Health Care Technology (NICHSR), NLM)  Details

    HSRR is a searchable database of information about research datasets, instruments/indices and software employed in Health Services Research, the Behavioral and Social Sciences and Public Health. The database includes brief descriptions of research resources and links to PubMed.

  • Implementation Research Toolkit - (World Health Organization (WHO))  Details

    A toolkit for health care and services professionals, researchers, and policy makers to create a plan in their organization for implementation science.

  • National Registry of Evidence-based Programs and Practices (NREPP) - (Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), HHS)  Details

    NREPP is a searchable online registry of more than 350 substance use and mental health interventions. NREPP was developed to help the public learn more about evidence-based interventions that are available for implementation.

  • Translational Science Search - (National Library of Medicine (NLM), NIH USA)  Details

    This is a web application for finding MEDLINE/PubMed journal articles that are regarded by their authors as novel, promising, or may have potential clinical application. A set of "translational" filters and related terms was created by reviewing journal articles published in clinical and translational science (TS) journals. Through E-Utilities, a user's query and TS filters are submitted to PubMed, and then, the retrieved PubMed citations are matched with a database of MeSH terms (for disease conditions) and RxNorm (for interventions) to locate the search term, translational filters found, and associated interventions in the title and abstract. An algorithm ranks the interventions and conditions, and then highlights them in the results page for quick reading and evaluation. Using previously searched terms and standard formulas, the precision and recall of TSS were 0.99 and 0.47, compared to 0.58 and 1.0 for PubMed Entrez, respectively.

  • e-Source: Behavioral and Social Science Research - (Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research (OBSSR), NIH)  Details

    20 interactive chapters with authoritative answers to methodological questions on behavioral and social science research. With contributions from a team of international experts, this anthology provides the latest information on addressing emerging challenges in public health.

  • iCollaborative - (Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC))  Details

    The iCollaborative is a service provided by AAMC's MedEdPORTAL that features innovative approaches to medical education, health care delivery, and research. This website provides access to data and publications.

Grants, Funding, & Fellowships

  • Dissemination and Implementation Research in Health (R03) - (National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS)  Details

    This FO would support efforts to identify, develop, test, evaluate and/or refine strategies to disseminate and implement evidence-based practices into public health, clinical practice, and community settings

  • Modular R01s in Cancer Control and Population Sciences (R01 Clinical Trial Optional) - (National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS)  Details

    Funding for for research in cancer control and population sciences. The overarching goal is to provide support to promote research efforts on novel scientific ideas that have the potential to substantially advance cancer research in statistical and analytic methods, epidemiology, cancer survivorship, cancer-related behaviors and behavioral interventions, health care delivery, and implementation science.

  • Pilot Effectiveness Trials for Treatment, Preventive and Services Interventions (R34) - (National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), NIH)  Details

    Funding for pilot research for: 1) effectiveness research on preventive and therapeutic interventions with previously demonstrated efficacy, for use with broader target populations or for use in community practice settings, and 2) research on the development and preliminary testing of innovative services interventions.

  • Understanding and Improving Diagnostic Safety in Ambulatory Care: Strategies and Interventions (R18) - (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), HHS)  Details

    This Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) solicits applications from research institutions and their investigators to conduct Health Services Research Demonstration and Dissemination Projects (R18) to evaluate strategies and interventions for reducing diagnostic failures and patient harms, including approaches that enable organizations, providers and patients to better anticipate emerging diagnostic risk before failure and harm occurs.

Guidelines, Journals, Other Publications

  • Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's Process for Awarding Recovery Act Funds and Disseminating Results (2012) images/pdf.gif icon - (U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) USA)  Details

    According to AHRQ officials, the agency plans to disseminate the results of Recovery Act-funded CER using a range of existing mechanisms. These mechanisms include written products, training programs, social media tools, and AHRQ's website. AHRQ is also developing additional strategies to disseminate CER results. AHRQ awarded four contracts using Recovery Act funds totaling approximately $42.3 million to promote innovative approaches for disseminating CER results. A variety of efforts are conducted under these contracts, including efforts to educate clinicians and develop regional dissemination offices.

  • Glossary - (National Implementation Research Network (NIRN) USA)  Details

    This is a glossary of dissemination and implementation science terms.

  • Implementation Research: A Synthesis of the Literature (2005) images/pdf.gif icon - (University of South Florida, Louis de la Parte Florida Mental Health Institute USA)  Details

    This 2005 monograph summarizes findings from the review of the research literature on implementation. The review process began by identifying literature reporting any efforts to collect data on attempts to implement practices or programs in any domain, including agriculture, business, child welfare, engineering, health, juvenile justice, manufacturing, medicine, mental health, nursing and social services.

  • Implementation Science (Biomed Central) - (BioMed Central)  Details

    Implementation Science is an open access, peer-reviewed online journal that aims to publish research relevant to the scientific study of methods to promote the uptake of research findings into routine healthcare in both clinical and policy contexts.

  • Principles of Community Engagement, 2nd edition (2011) images/pdf.gif icon - (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)  Details

    This second edition of Principles adheres to the same key principles laid out in the original, 1997 booklet. It distills critical messages from the growing body of information and commentary on this topic. At the same time, it provides more detailed practical information about the application of the principles, and it responds to changes in our larger social context, including the increasing use of "virtual communities" and the growing interest in community-engaged health research.

  • Translational Behavioral Medicine - (Springer)  Details

    TBM is an international peer-reviewed journal that offers continuous, online-first publication. TBM's mission is to engage, inform, and catalyze dialogue between the research, practice, and policy communities about behavioral medicine. We aim to bring actionable science to practitioners and to prompt debate on policy issues that surround implementing the evidence. TBM's vision is to lead the translation of behavioral science findings to improve patient and population outcomes.

Key Organizations

  • AcademyHealth - (AcademyHealth)  Details

    AcademyHealth acts as an objective broker of information, bringing together stakeholders to address the current and future needs of an evolving health system, inform health policy and practice, and translate evidence into action.

  • Administration for Children and Families - (Administration for Children and Families (ACF), HHS)  Details

    - This agency funds and produces publications on implementation science. Information on recent meetings as well as funding opportunities can be found on this site.

  • Clinical & Translational Science Awards - (National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS)  Details

    The Clinical and Translational Science Awards (CTSAs) program creates a definable academic home for clinical and translational research. CTSA institutions work to transform the local, regional, and national environment to increase the efficiency and speed of clinical and translational research across the country. In 2011, the CTSA Consortium reached its expected size of 60 medical research institutions located throughout the nation; linking them together to energize the discipline of clinical and translational science. The CTSA Consortium is funded by the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS), a part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

  • Commonwealth Fund - (Commonwealth Fund)  Details

    Established in 1918 with the broad charge to enhance the common good, the mission of The Commonwealth Fund is to promote a high performing health care system that achieves better access, improved quality, and greater efficiency, particularly for society's most vulnerable, including low-income people, the uninsured, minority Americans, young children, and elderly adults. This site provides access to data, surveys and numerous publications.

  • Dissemination and Implementation Research Program - (National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), NIH)  Details

    This program includes studies that will contribute to the development of a sound knowledge base on the effective transmission of mental health information to multiple stakeholders and of the process by which efficacious interventions can be adopted within clinical settings.

  • GEM-Dissemination and Implementation Initiative (GEM-D&I) - (National Cancer Institute (NCI), NIH)  Details

    The Grid-Enabled Measures Database D&I initiative is a project initiated and co-developed by the Cancer Research Network Cancer Communication Research Center at Kaiser Permanente Colorado and the National Cancer Institute's (NCI) Division of Cancer Control & Population Sciences. The initiative looks to identify the outcomes and associated measures evidence base to inform D&I research and practice. Its purpose is to create a growing and evolving resource for standardized, vetted D&I measures that can lead to comparable datasets and facilitate collaboration and comparison across disciplines, projects, content areas, and regions.

  • Implementation Science - (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), HHS)  Details

    For the next phase of PEPFAR (President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief), increased attention will be given to evaluating the effectiveness and impact of PEPFAR programs; comparing evidence-based program models in complex health, social and economic contexts; and addressing operational questions related to program implementation within existing and developing health systems infrastructures.

  • Implementation Science Information and Resources - (Fogarty International Center, NIH (FIC))  Details

    The Fogarty International Center is investing in implementation science to help researchers determine the most effective way to implement known efficacious interventions in global health settings. This website provides links to resources on implementation science.

  • Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI) Details

    IHI focuses on motivating and building the will for change; identifying and testing new models of care in partnership with both patients and health care professionals; and ensuring the broadest possible adoption of best practices and effective innovations.

  • National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS) - (National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS)  Details

    Working in partnership with the public and private sectors, this NIH Center will develop innovative ways to reduce, remove or bypass bottlenecks in the research translational pipeline. The mission of the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences is to catalyze the generation of innovative methods and technologies that will enhance the development, testing, and implementation of diagnostics and therapeutics across a wide range of human diseases and conditions.

  • National Implementation Research Network - (National Implementation Research Network (NIRN) USA)  Details

    The mission of the National Implementation Research Network (NIRN) is to close the gap between science and service by improving the science and practice of implementation in relation to evidence-based programs and practices. This site provides access to publications and research resources.

Meetings, Conferences, Webinars

  • 2012, Training Institute for Dissemination and Implementation Research in Health - (Health Services Research and Development Service (HSR&D), VA, National Institutes of Health (NIH), HHS, Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research (OBSSR), NIH, University of California San Francisco (UCSF))  Details

    The goal of this July, 2012, 5-day training institute is to provide participants with a thorough grounding in conducting dissemination and implementation research in health. Videos from the meeting are available on the Agenda portion of the website.

  • Conferences, Fellowships & Trainings - (Health Services Research and Development Service (HSR&D), VA)  Details

    Information on current and archived conference information, fellowship offerings, and available training opportunities.

  • Implementation Science Webinar Series - (National Cancer Institute (NCI), NIH)  Details

    A series of webinars which discuss advanced dissemination and implementation research topics and answer questions from the community