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Brown ArrowDissemination and Implementation Science

Dissemination is the purposive distribution of information and intervention materials to a specific public health or clinical practice audience. The intent is to spread information and the associated evidence-based interventions. Research on dissemination addresses how information about health promotion and care interventions is created, packaged, transmitted, and interpreted among a variety of important stakeholder groups. [Internet]. 4th Annual NIH Conference on the Science of Dissemination and Implementation: Policy and Practice [cited 30 March 2012].

Implementation science is the study of methods to promote the integration of research findings and evidence into healthcare policy and practice. It seeks to understand the behavior of healthcare professionals and other stakeholders as a key variable in the sustainable uptake, adoption, and implementation of evidence-based interventions. As a newly emerging field, the definition of implementation science and the type of research it encompasses may vary according [to] setting and sponsor. However, the intent of implementation science and related research is to investigate and address major bottlenecks (e.g. social, behavioral, economic, management) that impede effective implementation, test new approaches to improve health programming, as well as determine a causal relationship between the intervention and its impact. [Internet]. NIH Fogarty International Center, Frequently Asked Questions about Implementation Sciences [cited 10 February 2012].

Additional HSR resources related to Implementation Science may be found in the Main Topic pages for Comparative Effectiveness Research (CER), and/or Evidence-Based Practice/Health Technology Assessment, and/or Quality .

Quality improvement tools and training for the public health workforce can be found on the Partners in Information Access for the Public Health Workforce site.

Information on this page is not an index of all Dissemination and Implementation Science health services research resources on the Web. Rather, this page contains selective links representing a sample of available information. Items are selected for their quality, authority of authorship, uniqueness, and appropriateness.

Search Queries Using NLM Resources: Dissemination and Implementation Science

News: Dissemination and Implementation Science

Data, Tools, & Statistics

  • AHRQ Data Resources - (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ))  - AHRQ provides access to a plethora of data and surveys on healthcare access, expenditures, quality, etc.
  • CDC's 6|18 Initiative: Accelerating Evidence into Action - (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC))  - CDC is partnering with health care purchasers, payers, and providers to improve health and control health care costs. CDC is targeting six common and costly health conditions - tobacco use, high blood pressure, healthcare-associated infections, asthma, unintended pregnancies, and diabetes - and 18 proven specific interventions.
  • HSRR (Health Services and Sciences Research Resources) - (National Library of Medicine, National Information Center on Health Services Research and Health Care Technology)  - HSRR is a searchable database of information about research datasets, instruments/indices and software employed in Health Services Research, the Behavioral and Social Sciences and Public Health. The database includes brief descriptions of research resources and links to PubMed.
  • Research Toolkit: PRIMER (Partnership-driven Resources to IMprove and Enhance Research (PRIMER) - (University of Washington)  - This is a standard research toolkit and website to support practice based researchers. The PRIMER project was funded through an administrative supplement to the University of Washington's Institute for Translational Health Sciences Clinical and Translational Sciences Award (CTSA) UL1 RR025014 from the NIH National Center for Research Resources.
  • Translational Science Search - (National Library of Medicine (NLM) U.S.)  - This is a web application for finding MEDLINE/PubMed journal articles that are regarded by their authors as novel, promising, or may have potential clinical application. A set of "translational" filters and related terms was created by reviewing journal articles published in clinical and translational science (TS) journals. Through E-Utilities, a user's query and TS filters are submitted to PubMed, and then, the retrieved PubMed citations are matched with a database of MeSH terms (for disease conditions) and RxNorm (for interventions) to locate the search term, translational filters found, and associated interventions in the title and abstract. An algorithm ranks the interventions and conditions, and then highlights them in the results page for quick reading and evaluation. Using previously searched terms and standard formulas, the precision and recall of TSS were 0.99 and 0.47, compared to 0.58 and 1.0 for PubMed Entrez, respectively.
  • e-Source: Behavioral and Social Science Research - (Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research, NIH (OBSSR))  - This website provides access to 20 interactive chapters with authoritative answers to methodological questions on behavioral and social science research. With contributions from a team of international experts, this anthology provides the latest information on addressing emerging challenges in public health.
  • iCollaborative - (Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC))  - The iCollaborative is a service provided by AAMC's MedEdPORTAL that features innovative approaches to medical education, health care delivery, and research. This website provides access to data and publications.

Grants, Funding, & Fellowships

  • Communication and Dissemination Research - Cycle 1 2016 - (Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) US)  - Applications for this award, which will fund projects designed to address knowledge gaps in the communication and dissemination process, are due by June 6, 2016.
  • Dissemination and Implementation Research in Health (R01) - (National Institutes of Health (NIH))  - This FO would support efforts to identify, develop, test, evaluate and/or refine strategies to disseminate and implement evidence-based practices into public health, clinical practice, and community settings
  • Dissemination and Implementation Research in Health (R03) - (National Institutes of Health (NIH))  - This FO would support efforts to identify, develop, test, evaluate and/or refine strategies to disseminate and implement evidence-based practices into public health, clinical practice, and community settings
  • Dissemination and Implementation Research in Health (R21) - (National Institutes of Health (NIH))  - This FO would support efforts to identify, develop, test, evaluate and/or refine strategies to disseminate and implement evidence-based practices into public health, clinical practice, and community settings
  • Dissemination and Implementation - (National Institutes of Health (NIH))  - This website links to dissemination and implementation research funding opportunities, funded projects, and training institutes.

Guidelines, Journals, Other Publications

  • Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's Process for Awarding Recovery Act Funds and Disseminating Results (2012) images/pdf.gif icon - (U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) US)  - According to AHRQ officials, the agency plans to disseminate the results of Recovery Act-funded CER using a range of existing mechanisms. These mechanisms include written products, training programs, social media tools, and AHRQ's website. AHRQ is also developing additional strategies to disseminate CER results. AHRQ awarded four contracts using Recovery Act funds totaling approximately $42.3 million to promote innovative approaches for disseminating CER results. A variety of efforts are conducted under these contracts, including efforts to educate clinicians and develop regional dissemination offices.
  • Glossary - (National Implementation Research Network (NIRN) US)  - This is a glossary of dissemination and implementation science terms.
  • Implementation Research: A Synthesis of the Literature (2005) images/pdf.gif icon - (Louis de la Parte Florida Mental Health Institute, University of South Florida US)  - This 2005 monograph summarizes findings from the review of the research literature on implementation. The review process began by identifying literature reporting any efforts to collect data on attempts to implement practices or programs in any domain, including agriculture, business, child welfare, engineering, health, juvenile justice, manufacturing, medicine, mental health, nursing and social services.
  • Implementation Science (Biomed Central) - (BioMed Central)  - Implementation Science is an open access, peer-reviewed online journal that aims to publish research relevant to the scientific study of methods to promote the uptake of research findings into routine healthcare in both clinical and policy contexts.
  • Principles of Community Engagement, 2nd edition (2011) images/pdf.gif icon - (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC))  - This second edition of Principles adheres to the same key principles laid out in the original, 1997 booklet. It distills critical messages from the growing body of information and commentary on this topic. At the same time, it provides more detailed practical information about the application of the principles, and it responds to changes in our larger social context, including the increasing use of "virtual communities" and the growing interest in community-engaged health research.
  • Translational Behavioral Medicine - (Springer)  - TBM is an international peer-reviewed journal that offers continuous, online-first publication. TBM's mission is to engage, inform, and catalyze dialogue between the research, practice, and policy communities about behavioral medicine. We aim to bring actionable science to practitioners and to prompt debate on policy issues that surround implementing the evidence. TBM's vision is to lead the translation of behavioral science findings to improve patient and population outcomes.

Key Organizations

  • AcademyHealth - (AcademyHealth)  - This site provides access to workshops, meeting agendas and information on implementation science.
  • Accelerating Change and Transformation in Organizations and Networks II (ACTION II) - (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ))  - ACTION II is a model of field-based research designed to promote innovation in health care delivery by accelerating the diffusion of research into practice. The ACTION II network includes 17 large partnerships and more than 350 collaborating organizations that provide health care to an estimated 50 percent of the U.S. population. ACTION II promotes and accelerates the development, implementation, dissemination, and sustainability of innovations in health care delivery to increase understanding of how to incorporate evidence-based improvements into routine practice to improve quality of care.
  • Administration for Children and Families - (Administration for Children and Families, HHS (ACF))  - This agency funds and produces publications on implementation science. Information on recent meetings as well as funding opportunities can be found on this site.
  • Center for Health Education Dissemination and Implementation Research (CHEDIR) - (Center for Health Education Dissemination and Implementation Research (CHEDIR) US)  - CHEDIR's mission is to conduct research on the production and dissemination of applicable concepts and practical tools for the integration of health care research and practice. To serve as a collaborative learning laboratory and a resource to stimulate, support, and evaluate high-priority translational research.
  • Clinical & Translational Science Awards - (National Institutes of Health (NIH))  - The Clinical and Translational Science Awards (CTSAs) program creates a definable academic home for clinical and translational research. CTSA institutions work to transform the local, regional, and national environment to increase the efficiency and speed of clinical and translational research across the country. In 2011, the CTSA Consortium reached its expected size of 60 medical research institutions located throughout the nation; linking them together to energize the discipline of clinical and translational science. The CTSA Consortium is funded by the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS), a part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
  • Commonwealth Fund - (Commonwealth Fund)  - Established in 1918 with the broad charge to enhance the common good, the mission of The Commonwealth Fund is to promote a high performing health care system that achieves better access, improved quality, and greater efficiency, particularly for society's most vulnerable, including low-income people, the uninsured, minority Americans, young children, and elderly adults. This site provides access to data, surveys and numerous publications.
  • Dissemination and Implementation - (National Institutes of Health (NIH))  - This website links to dissemination and implementation research funding opportunities, funded projects, and training institutes.
  • GEM-Dissemination and Implementation Initiative (GEM-D&I) - (National Cancer Institute, NIH (NCI))  - The Grid-Enabled Measures Database D&I initiative is a project initiated and co-developed by the Cancer Research Network Cancer Communication Research Center at Kaiser Permanente Colorado and the National Cancer Institute's (NCI) Division of Cancer Control & Population Sciences. The initiative looks to identify the outcomes and associated measures evidence base to inform D&I research and practice. Its purpose is to create a growing and evolving resource for standardized, vetted D&I measures that can lead to comparable datasets and facilitate collaboration and comparison across disciplines, projects, content areas, and regions.
  • Health Services Research & Development Service, Department of Veterans Affairs, Implementation Science - (Health Services Research and Development Service, Veterans Administration (HSR&D))  - The VA's HSR&D is interested in scientific approaches to developing methods that promote evidence based practices and translate research findings into mainstream practice in clinical settings. Studies in this portfolio explore the context for the implementation of a successful trial or method and actual implementation trials that will encourage the spread of clinical best practices across the VA Healthcare System.
  • Implementation Science - (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC))  - For the next phase of PEPFAR (President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief), increased attention will be given to evaluating the effectiveness and impact of PEPFAR programs; comparing evidence-based program models in complex health, social and economic contexts; and addressing operational questions related to program implementation within existing and developing health systems infrastructures.
  • Implementation Science (NIMH) - (National Institute of Mental Health, NIH (NIMH))  - This program includes studies that will contribute to the development of a sound knowledge base on the effective transmission of mental health information to multiple stakeholders and of the process by which efficacious interventions can be adopted within clinical settings.
  • Implementation Science Information and Resources - (Fogarty International Center, NIH (FIC))  - The Fogarty International Center is investing in implementation science to help researchers determine the most effective way to implement known efficacious interventions in global health settings. This website provides links to resources on implementation science.
  • Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI) - IHI focuses on motivating and building the will for change; identifying and testing new models of care in partnership with both patients and health care professionals; and ensuring the broadest possible adoption of best practices and effective innovations.
  • National Cancer Institute, Cancer Control & Population Sciences - Implementation Science - (National Cancer Institute, NIH (NCI))  - The vision of this group is to achieve the rapid integration of scientific evidence, practice and policy, with the ultimate goal of improving the impact of research on cancer outcomes and promoting health across individual, organizational and community levels. This website provides access to publications, presentations, and funding opportunities.
  • National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS) - (National Institutes of Health (NIH))  - Working in partnership with the public and private sectors, this NIH Center will develop innovative ways to reduce, remove or bypass bottlenecks in the research translational pipeline. The mission of the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences is to catalyze the generation of innovative methods and technologies that will enhance the development, testing, and implementation of diagnostics and therapeutics across a wide range of human diseases and conditions.
  • National Implementation Research Network - (National Implementation Research Network (NIRN) US)  - The mission of the National Implementation Research Network (NIRN) is to close the gap between science and service by improving the science and practice of implementation in relation to evidence-based programs and practices. This site provides access to publications and research resources.
  • Project HealthDesign - (Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF))  - This national program aims to spark innovation in personal health technology.
  • VA Health Services Research & Development(HSR&D) Successful Implementations - (Health Services Research and Development Service, Veterans Administration (HSR&D))  - This page links to several examples of HSR&D research and collaborative efforts with clinical and operational partners that have had an impact on the health care system and ultimately on the quality of healthcare for Veterans.

Meetings, Conferences, Webinars

  • 2012, Training Institute for Dissemination and Implementation Research in Health - (Health Services Research and Development Service, Veterans Administration (HSR&D), National Institutes of Health (NIH), Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research, NIH (OBSSR), University of California San Francisco (UCSF))  - The goal of this July, 2012, 5-day training institute is to provide participants with a thorough grounding in conducting dissemination and implementation research in health. Videos from the meeting are available on the Agenda portion of the website.
  • Conferences, Fellowships & Trainings - (Health Services Research and Development Service, Veterans Administration (HSR&D))  - Information on current and archived conference information, fellowship offerings, and available training opportunities.