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Education: Online Activities

Advocates for Change

Create a collage of people who have worked to change women’s lives and health. Throughout history, activists from a variety of reform movements have undertaken efforts to address the diverse range of factors that affect women’s lives and their wellbeing. The individual and group portraits shown include people who worked in the temperance, suffrage, racial and gender equality/rights, feminist, battered women’s, and women’s shelter movements. View the photos as a list.

Advocates for Change

Throughout history, activists from a variety of reform movements have undertaken efforts to address the diverse range of factors that affect women’s lives and their wellbeing. The individual and group portraits shown include people who worked in the temperance, suffrage, racial and gender equality/rights, feminist, battered women’s, and women’s shelter movements.

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  • An elderly woman stands with a cane in her right hand and a bag on her left, wearing a cap and a shawl.

    Sojourner Truth, 1864

    Courtesy Library of Congress

    Sojourner Truth (1797–1883) was an advocate for women’s rights and abolition, despite never learning to read or write. Born into slavery, she escaped to freedom in 1826, and traveled widely in the United States as a preacher, lecturer, and advocate for truth and justice. At the 1851 Women’s Rights Convention in Ohio, Sojourner Truth extemporaneously delivered what is now recognized as one of the most famous women’s rights speeches in American history, “Ain’t I a Woman?”

  • A photograph headshot of a woman (Anne Flitcraft, MD)

    Anne H. Flitcraft, physician and women’s health advocate, 2014

    Courtesy Anne H. Flitcraft, MD

    Anne Flitcraft, MD has been at the forefront of research demonstrating that partner abuse significantly impacts many aspects of women’s health, and of efforts to recognize abuse as a major public health issue. Her work with medical and public health organizations has improved clinicians understanding of abuse and its impact on patient care, and she has advocated for the integration of domestic violence education into medical school curriculum.

  • A woman seated with her left hand on her left cheek, and looking to her right.

    Frances E. Willard, 1880s

    Courtesy Library of Congress

    Frances Willard (1839–1898) was a prominent social reformer in the 19th century. Best known as president of the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union (WCTU), she advocated broadly for alcohol and drug education, suffrage, women’s economic and religious rights, and changes in age-of-consent laws. Under her leadership, the WCTU grew to be the largest organization of women in the United States in the 19th century.

  • Activist Flo Kennedy with raised right arm, speaks into a bank of microphones to a crowd out of view

    Florynce (Flo) Kennedy, speaking at a rally in support of battered women, 1976

    Courtesy Ellen Shub

    Florynce Kennedy (1916–2000) was an outspoken feminist, lawyer, and civil rights advocate. A founding member of the National Women’s Political Caucus, the Feminist Party, and the National Women’s Party, Kennedy zealously advocated for the rights of women, and encouraged black and white women to work together to promote social justice.

  • An old White woman sits and reads a pamphlet, another old White woman stands over her left shoulder.

    Elizabeth C. Stanton (seated) and Susan B. Anthony, 1880

    Courtesy Library of Congress

    Elizabeth C. Stanton (1815–1902) and Susan B. Anthony (1820–1906) were key figures in the first organized women’s rights movement in the United States. Based on their experiences with women victims of male family violence, they sought to reform divorce laws as part of the movement for women’s rights.

  • A young woman stand with her hands on a back of a chair.

    Frances Ellen Watkins Harper, 1898

    Courtesy Library of Congress

    Frances Ellen Watkins Harper (1825–1911) was a writer, lecturer, and political activist who advocated for abolition, women’s rights, and temperance. She helped organize the National Association of Colored Women, which sought to advance the rights of African American women, and was head of the African American section of the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union. In 1859 her short story, “The Two Offers,” was the first short story published by an African American female writer in the United States.

  • A woman leans on a pedastal to her right, wearing a brimmed hat and pants beneath a skirt and a coat.

    Amelia Bloomer, ca. 1852–1858

    Courtesy Seneca Falls Historical Society

    Amelia Bloomer (1818–1894) was a woman’s rights and temperance advocate in the United States. For 15 years, she was the editor and publisher of The Lily, an influential publication dealing with women’s issues in the early 19th century. Because of her strong advocacy for less restrictive clothing for women, her name became associated with a reform style of clothing called “bloomers.”

  • Young man seated in a chair smiles.

    Johnny Bueno, advocate and volunteer at La Casa de las Madras, ca. 2000s

    Courtesy La Casa de las Madres and Johnny Bueno

    Johnny Bueno saw his mother experience significant abuse when he was growing up. Today, he works to end gender-based violence by lending support to women through the small hair salon he owns, and by volunteering at La Casa de las Madres—a shelter, advocacy, and support organization for women.

  • A group portrait of seven people.

    Members of the Blackwell and Spofford families, abolitionists and social reformers, ca. 1875–1885

    Courtesy Library of Congress

    Lucy Stone (1818–1893), standing second from the right, and her husband Henry Browne Blackwell (1825–1909), seated, were key figures in both the abolitionist and women’s rights movements. Stone organized the first National Womens’ Rights Convention, and was the first recorded American woman to retain her name after marriage.

  • An old White woman sits and reads a pamphlet, another old White woman stands over her left shoulder.

    Elizabeth C. Stanton (seated) and Susan B. Anthony, 1880

    Courtesy Library of Congress

    Elizabeth C. Stanton (1815–1902) and Susan B. Anthony (1820–1906) were key figures in the first organized women’s rights movement in the United States. Based on their experiences with women victims of male family violence, they sought to reform divorce laws as part of the movement for women’s rights.

    View Enlarged Image
  • Activist Flo Kennedy with raised right arm, speaks into a bank of microphones to a crowd out of view.

    Florynce (Flo) Kennedy, speaking at a rally in support of battered women, 1976

    Courtesy Ellen Shub

    Florynce Kennedy (1916–2000) was an outspoken feminist, lawyer, and civil rights advocate. A founding member of the National Women’s Political Caucus, the Feminist Party, and the National Women’s Party, Kennedy zealously advocated for the rights of women, and encouraged black and white women to work together to promote social justice.

    View Enlarged Image
  • A photograph headshot of a woman (Anne Flitcraft, MD).

    Anne H. Flitcraft, physician and women’s health advocate, 2014

    Courtesy Anne H. Flitcraft, MD

    Anne Flitcraft, MD has been at the forefront of research demonstrating that partner abuse significantly impacts many aspects of women’s health, and of efforts to recognize abuse as a major public health issue. Her work with medical and public health organizations has improved clinicians understanding of abuse and its impact on patient care, and she has advocated for the integration of domestic violence education into medical school curriculum.

    View Enlarged Image
  • Young man seated in a chair smiles.

    Johnny Bueno, advocate and volunteer at La Casa de las Madras, ca. 2000s

    Courtesy La Casa de las Madres and Johnny Bueno

    Johnny Bueno saw his mother experience significant abuse when he was growing up. Today, he works to end gender-based violence by lending support to women through the small hair salon he owns, and by volunteering at La Casa de las Madres—a shelter, advocacy, and support organization for women.

    View Enlarged Image
  • A woman seated with her left hand on ther left cheek, and looking to her right.

    Frances E. Willard, 1880s

    Courtesy Library of Congress

    Frances Willard (1839–1898) was a prominent social reformer in the 19th century. Best known as president of the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union (WCTU), she advocated broadly for alcohol and drug education, suffrage, women’s economic and religious rights, and changes in age-of-consent laws. Under her leadership, the WCTU grew to be the largest organization of women in the United States in the 19th century.

    View Enlarged Image
  • An elderly woman stands with a cane in her right hand and a bag on her left, wearing a cap and a shawl.

    Sojourner Truth, 1864

    Courtesy Library of Congress

    Sojourner Truth (1797–1883) was an advocate for women’s rights and abolition, despite never learning to read or write. Born into slavery, she escaped to freedom in 1826, and traveled widely in the United States as a preacher, lecturer, and advocate for truth and justice. At the 1851 Women’s Rights Convention in Ohio, Sojourner Truth extemporaneously delivered what is now recognized as one of the most famous women’s rights speeches in American history, “Ain’t I a Woman?”

    View Enlarged Image
  • A young woman stand with her hands on a back of a chair.

    Frances Ellen Watkins Harper, 1898

    Courtesy Library of Congress

    Frances Ellen Watkins Harper (1825–1911) was a writer, lecturer, and political activist who advocated for abolition, women’s rights, and temperance. She helped organize the National Association of Colored Women, which sought to advance the rights of African American women, and was head of the African American section of the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union. In 1859 her short story, “The Two Offers,” was the first short story published by an African American female writer in the United States.

    View Enlarged Image
  • A group portrait of seven people.

    Members of the Blackwell and Spofford families, abolitionists and social reformers, ca. 1875–1885

    Courtesy Library of Congress

    Lucy Stone (1818–1893), standing second from the right, and her husband Henry Browne Blackwell (1825–1909), seated, were key figures in both the abolitionist and women’s rights movements. Stone organized the first National Womens’ Rights Convention, and was the first recorded American woman to retain her name after marriage.

    View Enlarged Image
  • A woman leans on a pedastal to her right, wearing a brimmed hat and pants beneath a skirt and a coat.

    Amelia Bloomer, ca. 1852–1858

    Courtesy Seneca Falls Historical Society

    Amelia Bloomer (1818–1894) was a woman’s rights and temperance advocate in the United States. For 15 years, she was the editor and publisher of The Lily, an influential publication dealing with women’s issues in the early 19th century. Because of her strong advocacy for less restrictive clothing for women, her name became associated with a reform style of clothing called “bloomers.”

    View Enlarged Image