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Cesarean Section - A Brief History

Selected References

Ackerknecht, Erwin H.,
A Short History of Medicine,
Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1982

Boley, J.P.,
"The History of Cesarean Section,"
Canadian Medical Association Journal,
Vol. 145, No. 4, 1991, pp. 319-322.

Donnison, Jean,
Midwives and Medical Men: A History of the Struggle for the Control of Childbirth,
London: Historical Publications Ltd., 1988.

Eastman, N.J.,
"The Role of Frontier America in the Development of Cesarean Section,"
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology,
Vol. 24, 1932, p. 919.

Gabert, Harvey A., "History and Development of Cesarean Operation," in Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America,
Vol. 15, No. 4. 1988, pp. 591-605.

Horton, Jacqueline A., ed.,
The Women's Health Data Book.
A Profile of Women's Health in the United States
New York: Elsevier, 1992, pp. 18-20.

Leavitt, Judith Walzer,
Brought to Bed: Childbearing in America, 1750-1950,
New York: Oxford University Press, 1986.

Leonardo, Richard A.,
History of Gynecology,
New York: Froben Press, 1944.

Ludmerer, Kenneth M.,
Learning to Heal: The Development of American Medical Education,
New York: Basic Books Inc., 1985.

Martin, Emily,
The Woman in the Body: A Cultural Analysis of Reproduction,
Boston: Beacon Press, 1987.

Maulitz, Russell C.,
Morbid Appearances: The Anatomy of Pathology in the Early Nineteenth Century,
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987.

Miller, Joseph L.,
"Cesarean Section in Virginia in the Pre-Aseptic Era, 1794-1879,"
Annals of Medical History, January, 1938, pp. 23-35.

Miller, Joseph M.,
"First Successful Cesarean Section in the British Empire," Letters,
Vol. 166, No. 1, Part 1, p. 269.

Moscucci, Ornella,
The Science of Woman: Gynaecology and Gender in England, 1800-1929,
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990.

Oakley, Ann,
The Captured Womb: A History of the Medical Care of Pregnant Women,
Oxford: Basil Blackwell Ltd., 1984, 1986.

Pernick, Martin S.,
A Calculus of Suffering: Pain, Professionalism, and Anesthesia in Nineteenth-Century America,
New York: Columbia University Press, 1985.

Ricci, J.V.,
The Genealogy of Gynaecology: History of the Development of Gynaecology Throughout the Ages,
Philadelphia: The Blakiston Company, 1943.

Ricci, J.V.,
One Hundred Years of Gynaecology, 1800-1900,
Philadelphia: The Blakiston Company, 1945.

Rothstein, William G.,
American Medical Schools and the Practice of Medicine: A History,
New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.

Rucker M. Pierce and Edwin M. Rucker,
"A Librarian Looks at Cesarean Section,"
Bulletin of the History of Medicine, March 1951, pp. 132-148.

Sewell, Jane Eliot,
Bountiful Bodies: Spencer Wells, Lawson Tait, and the Birth of British Gynaecology,
Ann Arbor, Michigan: U.M.I., 1990.

Shryock, Richard Harrison,
The Development of Modern Medicine: An Interpretation of the Social and Scientific Factors Involved,
Madison, Wisconsin: The University of Wisconsin Press, 1936, 1979.

Shryock, Richard Harrison,
Medicine and Society in America: 1660-1860,
Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1977.

Speert, Harold,
Obstetrics and Gynecology in America: A History,
Baltimore: Waverly Press, 1980.

Towler, Jean and Joan Bramell,
Midwives in History and Society,
London: Croom Helm, 1986.

Wertz, Richard W. and Dorothy C. Wertz,
Lying-In: A History of Childbirth in America,
New Haven: Yale University Press, 1989.

Willson, J. Robert,
"The Conquest of Cesarean Section-Related Infections: A Progress Report,"
Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vol. 72, No. 3, Part 2, September 1988, pp. 519-532.

Wolfe, Sidney M.,
Women's Health Alert,
Reading, Massachusetts: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company Inc., 1991

Young, J.H.,
Caesarean Section: The History and Development of the Operation From Early Times,
London: H.K. Lewis and Co. Ltd., 1944.

The National Library of Medicine has a rich collection of written works on the history of Cesarean section as well as numerous film and other visual sources.