Education Related Resources at NLM
The National Library of Medicine maintains and makes available a vast collection of a wide range of materials on medicine and health topics. The Library’s History of Medicine Division (HMD) collects and maintains one of the world’s richest collections of historical materials related to human health and disease.
Listed below are selected HMD items that are written by several British physicians in 1700s. In these publications, the authors describe diseases affecting both European settlers and African slaves living in British territories of North America and Caribbean islands.
- Chamberlaine, William. A practical treatise on the efficacy of stizolobium: or, cowhage, internally administered, in diseases occasioned by worms; to which are added, observations on other anthelmintic medicines of the West-Indies. London: Printed for J. Murray, 1784.
- Chisholm, Colin. An essay on the malignant pestilential fever introduced to the West Indian islands from Boullam, on the coast of Guinea, as it appeared in 1793 and 1794. Philadelphia, PA: Published by Thomas Dobson, 1799.
- Dancer, Thomas. A brief history of the late expedition against Fort San Juan, so far as it relates to the diseases of the troops : together with some observations on climate, infection and contagion; and several of the endemial complaints of the West-Indies. Kingston, Jamaica: D. Douglass & W. Aikman, 1781. //resource.nlm.nih.gov/2551002R
- Douglass, William. A Summary, Historical and Political, of the First Planting, Progressive Improvements, and Present State of the British Settlements in North-America (Volumes 1 & 2). Boston, MA: Rogers and Fowle, 1749–1752. //resource.nlm.nih.gov/2552022R
- Tennent, John. A Supplement to Physical Enquiries, Lately Published: In a Letter to ... William Pulteney, Esq. London: Published by T. Gardner, 1742. //resource.nlm.nih.gov/2771115R
- Trotter, Thomas. Observations on the Scurvy: With a Review of the Theories Lately Advanced on that Disease; and the Opinions of Dr. Milman Refuted from Practice. Philadelphia, PA: Published by John Parker, 1793. //resource.nlm.nih.gov/2575040R
PubMed Central (PMC) is a free archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature at the U.S. National Institutes of Health’s National Library of Medicine (NIH/NLM). In keeping with NLM’s legislative mandate to collect and preserve the biomedical literature, PMC serves as a digital counterpart to NLM’s extensive print journal collection. Launched in February 2000, PMC was developed and is managed by NLM’s National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI). Known to most of its users as a free, full-text archive of recent biomedical journals, PMC also reaches back in time over two centuries. PMC historical holdings consist of more than one million articles, scanned from 160 journal titles beginning in 1809 and spanning 200 years.
Below are some examples of full-text articles related to foodways, race, medicine, and health disparities from the PMC database.
foodways, race, medicine, and health disparities
- Bleich, Sara N. et al. “Health Inequalities: Trends, Progress, and Policy.” Annual Review of Public Health 33 (2012): 7–40. doi:10.1146/annurev-publhealth-031811-124658.
- Brock, William R. Review of “Medicine and Slavery. The Health Care of Blacks in Antebellum Virginia” by Todd L. Savitt. Medical History 26, no. 4 (1982): 486
- Byrd, W. M., and L. A. Clayton. “Race, Medicine, and Health Care in the United States: A Historical Survey.” Journal of the National Medical Association 93, no. 3 Suppl (2001): 11S–34S.
- Cannuscio, Carolyn C., Eve E. Weiss, and David A. Asch. “The Contribution of Urban Foodways to Health Disparities.” Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine 87, no. 3 (2010): 381–393. doi:10.1007/s11524-010-9441-9
- D’Ambrosio, Ugo, and Rajindra K. Puri. “Foodways in Transition: Food Plants, Diet and Local Perceptions of Change in a Costa Rican Ngäbe Community.” Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 12 (2016): 3. doi:10.1186/s13002-015-0071-x
- Engler-Stringer, Rachel, et al. “The Community and Consumer Food Environment and Children’s Diet: A Systematic Review.” BMC Public Health 14 (2014): 522. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-14-522
- Freemon, Frank R. “The Health of the American Slave Examined by Means of Union Army Medical Statistics.” Journal of the National Medical Association 77, no. 1 (1985): 49–52.
- Gerlach, S. Craig, and Philip A. Loring. “Rebuilding Northern Foodsheds, Sustainable Food Systems, Community Well-Being, and Food Security.” International Journal of Circumpolar Health 72 (2013): 21560. doi:10.3402/ijch.v72i0.21560
- Izumi, Betty T. et al. “Inter-Rater Reliability of the Food Environment Audit for Diverse Neighborhoods (FEAD-N).” Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine 89, no. 3 (2012): 486–499. doi:10.1007/s11524-011-9657-3
- Lightfoot, Kent G. “Dynamics of Change in Multiethnic Societies: An Archaeological Perspective from Colonial North America.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 112, no. 30 (2015): 9216–9223. doi:10.1073/pnas.1422190112
- Martínez, Airín D. “Reconsidering Acculturation in Dietary Change Research among Latino Immigrants: Challenging the Preconditions of US Migration.” Ethnicity & Health 18, no. 2 (2013): 115–135. doi:10.1080/13557858.2012.698254
- Stuckler, David, and Marion Nestle. “Big Food, Food Systems, and Global Health.” PLoS Medicine 9, no. 6 (2012): e1001242. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1001242
- Weiler, Anelyse M., et al. “Food Sovereignty, Food Security and Health Equity: A Meta-Narrative Mapping Exercise.” Health Policy and Planning 30, no. 8 (2015): 1078–1092. doi:10.1093/heapol/czu109
Digital Collections is the National Library of Medicine’s free online resource of biomedical books, still images, and videos. These items are from the Library’s collections.
More than 70,000 digitized images from the Library’s Prints and Photographs collection are available in Digital Collections. Among them are public health posters about nutrition and food. View a small selection of these posters listed below to begin the exploration of various visual media, which also includes images of fine art, photographs, and engraving.
VISIT: Still Images: https://collections.nlm.nih.gov/?f%5Bdrep2.format%5D%5B%5D=Still+image
- Balance Food and Activity Today, Be Healthier Tomorrow. Cook Islands Food and Nutrition Committee, 1987.
- Eat a variety of food every day. Training & Health Education Department. Singapore Ministry of Health, 1987
- Eating for the health of it. U.S. National Institutes of Health, Clinical Center, Nutrition Department, 1989.
- Food and nutrition at the turn of the millennium. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 1992.
- For good nutrition eat many difference foods every day. Caribbean Food and Nutrition Institute, and Joint WHO/UNICEF Nutrition Support Programme, n.d.
- Good Nutrition, Feel the Difference. American Dietetic Association, 1985.
- Is this your kind of food?: It should be. British Diabetic Association, 1986.
- Nutrition and your health: dietary guidelines for Americans. U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, and U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services National Institutes of Health, n.d.
- Pacific food, Healthy food. South Pacific Commission, and Australian Development Assistance Bureau, 1987.
- Read It Before You Eat It. U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service, 2003.
- WIC for the food you need when you need it most. New York Department of Health, n.d.