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Education Other Resources


  • Becker, Ann Marie. “Smallpox in Washington’s Army: Strategic Implications of the Disease During the American Revolutionary War.” PhD diss., Stony Brook University, 2005.
  • Blanton, Wyndam Bolling. Medicine in Virginia in the Eighteenth Century. Richmond, VA: Garrett & Massie, 1931. Reprint, New York, NY: AMS Press, 1980.
  • Cotner, Sharon. Physick: The Professional Practice of Medicine in Williamsburg, Virginia, 1740–1775. Williamsburg, VA: Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, 2003.
  • Estes, J. Worth and Billy G. Smith, eds. A Melancholy Scene of Devastation: The Public Response to the 1793 Philadelphia Yellow Fever Epidemic. Canton, MA: Published for the College of Physicians of Philadelphia and The Library Company of Philadelphia by Science History Publications/USA, 1997.
  • Fenn, Elizabeth A. Pox Americana: The Great Smallpox Epidemic of 1775–82. New York, NY: Hill and Wang, 2002.
  • Kiple, Kenneth F. and Virginia Himmelsteib King. Another Dimension to the Black Diaspora: Diet, Disease, and Racism. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2003.
  • Marion, Robert. Was George Washington Really the Father of Our Country?: A Clinical Geneticist Looks at World History. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley Publishing, 1994, pp. 41–74
  • Murphy, Lamar Riley. Enter the Physician: The Transformation of Domestic Medicine, 1760–1860. Tuscaloosa, AL: University of Alabama Press, 1991.
  • Powell, J. H. Bring Out Your Dead: The Great Plague of Yellow Fever in Philadelphia in 1793. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1949. Reprint, Whitefish, MT: Kessinger Publishing, 2008.
  • Reiss, Oscar. Medicine and the American Revolution: How Diseases and Their Treatments Affected the Colonial Army. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co., 2005.
  • Savitt, Todd L. Medicine and Slavery: The Diseases and Health Care of Blacks in Antebellum Virginia. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1981.
  • Smith, M. J. V. “The Father Who Was Not a Father,” Virginia Medical Monthly (January 1976), pp. 14–22.
  • Weinberger, Bernhard Wolf. An Introduction to the History of Dentistry. 2 volumes. St. Louis, MO: C. V. Mosby Company, 1948. Reprint, Eastford, CT: Martino Publishing, 2005.

Online Resources

K-12 Suggested Readings

  • Anderson, Laurie Halse. Chains. New York, NY: Atheneum Books for Young Readers, 2010. (Grades 5-10)
  • ———.Fever 1793. New York, NY: Simon and Schuster, 2002. (Grades 5-10)
  • ———.Forge. New York, NY: Atheneum Books for Young Readers, 2010. (Grades 5-10)
  • Brady, Patricia. Martha Washington: An American Life. New York, NY: Penguin Books, 2006. (Grades 12 and up)
  • Brenner, Barbara. If You Lived in Williamsburg in Colonial Days. New York, NY: Scholastic, 2000. (Grades 2-5)
  • Burgan, Michael. Colonial and Revolutionary Times: A Watts Guide. New York, NY: Franklin Watts, 2003. (Grades 5-8)
  • Chandra, Deborah and Madeleine Comora. George Washington’s Teeth. New York, NY: Square Fish, 2007. (Grades K-3)
  • Collier, James Lincoln and Christopher Collier. My Brother Sam Is Dead. New York, NY: Scholastic, 2005. (Grades 7-9)
  • Harness, Cheryl. George Washington. Washington, DC: National Geographic Children’s Books, 2006. (Grades 3-6)
  • Hirschfeld, Fritz. George Washington and Slavery: A Documentary Portrayal. Colombia, MO: University of Missouri Press, 1997. (Grades 9 and up)
  • Gedacht, Daniel C. George Washington: Leader of a New Nation. New York, NY: Rosen Publishing Group, 2004. (Grades 4-8)
  • Kamma, Anne. If You Lived When There Was Slavery in America. New York, NY: Scholastic, 2004. (Grades 2-5)
  • Marrin, Albert. George Washington and the Founding of a Nation. New York, NY: Dutton Children’s Books, 2001. (Grades 7 and up)
  • Meltzer, Milton. The American Revolutionaries: A History in Their Own Words, 1750–1800. New York, NY: Harper Collins, 1993. (Grades 5 and up)
  • McClafferty, Carla Killough. The Many Faces of George Washington: Remaking a Presidential Icon. Minneapolis, MN: Carolrhoda Books, 2011. (Grades 5 and up)
  • Roberts, Cokie. Founding Mothers: The Women Who Raised Our Nation. New York, NY: Harper Perennial, 2005. (Grades 10 and up)
  • Schanzer, Rosalyn. George vs. George: The American Revolution as Seen from Both Sides. Washington, DC: National Geographic Children’s Books, 2007. (Grades 4-7)
  • Thomas, Peggy. Farmer George Plants a Nation. Honesdale, PA: Boyds Mills Press, 2008. (Grades 3-5)
  • Washington, George and John Frederick Schroeder. Maxims of George Washington: Political, Military, Social, Moral, and Religious. Mount Vernon, VA: The Mount Vernon Ladies’ Association, 1989. (Grades 10 and up)
  • Washington, George and Richard Brookhiser. Rules of Civility: The 110 Precepts that Guided Our First President in War and Peace. Charlottesville, VA: University of Virginia Press, 2003. (Grades 9 and up)
  • Wilbur, C. Keith. Revolutionary Medicine. Gilford, CT: Globe Pequot, 1997. (Grades 7 and up)