From overseeing a world-renowned collection that spans ten centuries to supporting and producing cutting-edge research for exhibitions and scholarship to collecting and preserving tomorrow’s history, the History of Medicine Division (HMD) of the National Library of Medicine is advancing history through its public service and partnerships with likeminded organizations.
Digitizing Our Collections
We are methodically digitizing our vast analog collections, and preserving them for tomorrow, through a variety of programs and partnerships. Discover our holdings via NLM Digital Collections, Profiles in Science, and the digital galleries of our many exhibitions. Learn about our work in cooperation with the Wellcome Trust to make more historical medical journals available in PubMed Central (PMC).
Engaging New Audiences
Hand-in-hand with digitizing our collections and improving and enhancing our various databases, we are making these resources as accessible as possible to engage new audiences who are interested to mine and interpret the data therein using new research tools and methodologies, such as those of the digital humanities. Learn about our work with the National Endowment for the Humanities and especially the NEH-funded workshops Images and Texts in Medical History: An Introduction to Methods, Tools, and Data from the Digital Humanities, which we co-sponsored and hosted with Virginia Tech in April 2016, and Viral Networks: An Advanced Workshop in Digital Humanities and Medical History, which we will host with Virginia Tech in January 2018.
Preserving Unique Medical Heritage
Today’s evolving digital landscape joins a longstanding world that is deeply rich with a variety of persistent physical objects that contain records of the human condition. Among these objects are the Marshall Nirenberg Genetic Code Charts, which we are preserving for future generations through intensive research that is supported by the NIH Intramural Research Program. You can read about this important conservation work on our blog Circulating Now, and this article available freely via PMC.
Preserving Selected Portions of the Internet
Our digital world is also producing an ever-increasing number of born-digital resources which will be the historical resources of tomorrow. Responding to this change, we are partners with the National Digital Stewardship Alliance in collecting and preserving selected portions of the Internet. Complementing this partnership is our collaboration with the National Digital Stewardship Residency, with whom we are building and sustaining a dedicated community of professionals who will advance our nation's capabilities in managing, preserving, and making accessible the digital record of human achievement.
The National Library of Medicine supports staff of the History of Medicine Division publishing regularly as part of their official duties, and as an outcome of the NLM Director’s Employee Education Fund, which seeks to advance and enhance careers of staff and help them reach their fullest potential.
Staff Publications by Date
Greenberg, Stephen J. “The Hunt for the Unicorn: Special Collections in Medical Libraries,” in Susan Kendall (ed.) Health Sciences Collection Management for the 21st Century. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2018.
Reznick, Jeffrey S. “‘A Noble Experiment in Human Values’: The Children’s Television Series Vegetable Soup and its Initiative to Change the Environment for Racism in 1970s America.” Journal of Popular Film and Television, forthcoming.
Speaker, Susan L. “An Historical Overview of the National Network of Libraries of Medicine, 1985–2015.” Journal of the Medical Library Association 106, no. 2, 2018.
Tuohy, Patricia, and Melanie Welch. “Traveling Exhibitions are Catalysts for Community Engagement,” in Ryan Sittler and Terra Rogerson (eds.) Library Outreach: A Casebook of Applications (or The Library Outreach Casebook). Chicago: Association of College & Research Libraries, forthcoming.
Tuohy, Patricia, and Judith Eannarino. “Reading Graphic Medicine at the National Library of Medicine.” Journal of the Medical Library Association, forthcoming.Close Close All Open All
Bailey, Jefferson, Abigail Grotke, Edward McCain, Christie Moffatt, and Nicholas Taylor. “Web Archiving in the United States: A 2016 Survey.” Library of Congress: National Digital Stewardship Alliance, 2017.
Greenberg, Stephen J. “History Matters.” Journal of the Medical Library Association 105, no. 1, 2017.
———. “Between the Sheets.” Journal of the Medical Library Association 105, no. 4, 2017.
———. “Whither Sir William?” Journal of the Medical Library Association 105, no. 2, 2017.
Herro, Holly, Scott Nolley, Wendy Cowan, and Kristi Wright, “Oil on Paper: A Collaborative Conservation Challenge.” The Book and Paper Group Annual of the American Institute of for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works 36, 2017.
Koyle, Kenneth M. Review of John M. Kinder, Paying with Their Bodies: American War and the Problem of the Disabled Veteran (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2015) in Marine Corps History 3, no. 2, 2017.
Newmark, Jill. “Reflections on History and Harry Potter at the US National Library of Medicine.” Society for History of the Federal Government: The Federalist, second series, no. 56, Winter 2017.
Reznick, Jeffrey S. “Sense and Sensibility: The Power of Print in Post-War Recuperation,” in Nicholas Saunders and Paul Cornish (eds.), Conflict and the Senses. New York: Routledge, Material Culture, Conflict and Modernity series, 2017.
Reznick, Jeffrey S. and E. Thomas Ewing, “History matters…through partnerships that advance research, education, and public service.” Journal of the Medical Library Association, 105 no. 3, 2017.
Reznick, Jeffrey S. and Frederick W Gibbs. “Teaching and Researching the History of Medicine in the Era of (Big) Data: Introduction.” Medical History 61, no. 1, 2017.
———. Teaching and Researching the History of Medicine in the Era of (Big) Data: Reflections.” Medical History 61, no. 4, 2017.
Reznick, Jeffrey S. and Kenneth M. Koyle, with staff of the US National Library of Medicine. Images of America: US National Library of Medicine. Mount Pleasant, South Carolina: Arcadia Publishing, 2017.Close Close All Open All
Greenberg, Stephen J. “Erich Meyerhoff, AHIP, FMLA, 1919–2015: A remembrance” Journal of the Medical Library Association 104, no. 4, 2016.
Herro, Holly and Kristi Wright. “Tracking Color Shift in Ballpoint Pen Ink Using Photoshop Assisted Spectroscopy: A Nondestructive Technique Developed to Rehouse a Nobel Laureate’s Manuscript.” The American Archivist 79, no. 1, 2016.
Rees, John P., John P. Doyle, and Doron Shalvi. “The Evolution of Motion Picture Digitization at the National Library of Medicine.” Proceedings of the Society for Imaging Science and Technology, 2016.
Reznick, Jeffrey S. “Digitization, Big Data, and the Future of the Medical Humanities: Reflections.” Medical History 60, no. 2, 2016.
———. “Digitization, Big Data, and the Future of the Medical Humanities: Introduction.”Medical History 60, no. 1, 2016.
Reznick, Jeffrey S. and Brett Bobley, “Interagency Collaboration: Synergy for the Greater Good.” The Public Manager, July 11, 2016.
Reznick, Jeffrey S. and Simon Chaplin, “Public-Private Partnerships: Joining Together for a Win-Win.” The Public Manager, December 9, 2016.Close Close All Open All
Reznick, Jeffrey S., and Kenneth M. Koyle. “Combat and the Medical Mindset--The Enduring Effect of Civil War Medical Innovation.” The New England Journal of Medicine 372, no. 25, 2015.
Wright, Kristi, and Holly Herro. “Photoshop(R) Assisted Spectroscopy: An Economical and Non-Destructive Method for Tracking Color Shift.” Topics in Photographic Preservation 16 2015.Close Close All Open All
Bailey, Jefferson, Abigail Grotke, Kristine Hanna, Cathy Hartman, Edward McCain, Christie Moffatt, and Nicholas Taylor. “Web Archiving in the United States: A 2013 Survey.” Library of Congress: National Digital Stewardship Alliance, 2014.
DiMeo, Michelle, Jeffrey S. Reznick, and Christopher Lyons. “Introduction: Emerging Roles for Historical Medical Libraries.” RBM: A Journal of Rare Books, Manuscripts, and Cultural Heritage 15, no. 2, 2014.
Ewing, E. Thomas, Samah Gad, Naren Ramakrishnan, and Jeffrey S. Reznick. “Understanding the Role of Medical Experts during a Public Health Crisis Digital Tools and Library Resources for Research on the 1918 Spanish Influenza.” Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Big Data, 2014.
Reznick, Jeffrey S. “Embracing the Future as Stewards of the Past: Charting a Course Forward for Historical Medical Libraries and Archives.” RBM: A Journal of Rare Books, Manuscripts, and Cultural Heritage 15, no. 2, 2014.
Rothfeld, Anne. “Gustav Rochlitz: An Undistinguishable Art Dealer in the Business for Plunder.” “‘The West’ versus ‘The East’ or the United Europe?” in Mečislav Borák (ed.) Proceedings of an International Academic Conference held in Poděbrady. Prague: Documentation Centre for Property Transfers of Cultural Assets of WW II Victims, 2014.Close Close All Open All
Davenport, Kristi, and Holly Herro “Conservation Outreach at the National Institutes of Health in the National Library of Medicine,” in Emily Williams (ed.), The Public Face of Conservation. London: Archetype Publications, 2013.Close Close All Open All
Barbian, Lenore, Paul S. Sledzik, and Jeffrey S. Reznick. “Remains of War: Walt Whitman, Civil War Soldiers, and the Legacy of Medical Collections.” Museum History Journal 5, no. 1, 2012.
Davenport, Kristi, Peter Gabriele, and Holly Herro, “Digital imaging analysis of writing material using “Photoshop assisted spectroscopy.” RATS: Research and Technical Studies Specialty Group Postprints from the 40th Annual Meeting of the American Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works, 2012.
Gallagher, Marie E., and Christie Moffatt. “The Profiles in Science Digital Library: Behind the Scenes.” Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE Joint Conference on Digital Libraries, 2012.
Rothfeld, Anne. “Eve Tucker: An Enforcer of Restitution Policy in U.S. Occupied Austria,” in Eva Blimlinger and Monika Mayer (eds.), Kunst sammeln, Kunst handeln. Vienna: Beiträge des Internationalen Symposiums in Wien Schriftenreihe der Kommission für Provenienzforschung, Auflage, 2012.Close Close All Open All
Reznick, Jeffrey S. “History at the Intersection of Disability and Public Health: The Case of John Galsworthy and Disabled Soldiers of the First World War.” Disability and Health Journal 4, no. 1, 2011.
———. “Perspectives from the History of Medicine Division of the United States National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.” Medical History 55, no. 3, 2011.
———. “The Mess Kit & The Silver Chev’: American Military Hospital Magazines of the First World War,” in Michael Sappol (ed.), Hidden Treasure: 175 Years of the National Library of Medicine, 2011.
Reznick, Jeffrey S., and Elizabeth Fee. “Walt Whitman: ‘a Feather in My Wings’.” American Journal of Public Health 101, no. 6, 2011.
Reznick, Jeffrey S. Review of Beth Linker, War’s Waste: Rehabilitation in World War I America (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2011) in Bulletin of the History of Medicine 87, no. 4, 2013.Close Close All Open All
Newmark, Jill L. “Physician and Preacher: Willis R. Revels and the American Civil War.”Traces, vol. 22, 2010.
Reznick, Jeffrey S., Review of David M. Turner and Kevin Stagg (eds.), Social Histories of Disability and Deformity (New York: Routledge, 2007) in Bulletin of the History of Medicine 84, no. 1, 2010.
Reznick, Jeffrey S., Jeffrey Gamble, and Alan Hawk, “Historical Perspectives on the Care of Military Service Members with Limb Amputations,” in Paul Pasquina (ed.) Textbook of Military Medicine: Rehabilitation Medicine. Washington, DC: Borden Institute of the United States Army Medical Department Center and School, 2010.Close Close All Open All
Greenberg, Stephen J., and Patricia E. Gallagher. “The Great Contribution: Index Medicus, Index-Catalogue, and IndexCat.” Journal of the Medical Library Association 97, no. 2, 2009.
Newmark, Jill L. “Face to Face with History.” Prologue 41, no. 3, 2009.
Rees, John P. “What a Long, Strange Trip: Deploying an EAD Search and Retrieval Platform.” Watermark 32, no. 4, 2009.
Reznick, Jeffrey S., Review of Marion Girard, A Strange and Formidable Weapon: British Responses to World War I Poison Gas. (Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press, 2008) in Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences 64, no. 2, 2009.Close Close All Open All
Rees, John, and Misra, Dharitri, Song Mao, and George R. Thoma. “Archiving a Historic Medico-legal Collection: Automation and Workflow Customization.” Proceedings of the Society for Imaging Science and Technology, 2007.Close Close All Open All
Staff of the History of Medicine Division also connect with a wide range of audiences as contributors to blogs, including:
the blog of the NLM History of Medicine Division
EDSITEment The Best of the Humanities on the Web
the blog of the National Endowment for the Humanities
Musings from the Mezzanine: Innovations in Health Information
the blog of NLM Director Patricia Brennan, RN, PhD
DataScience@NIH: Driving Discovery Through DataClose Close All Open All
the NIH Data Science community news and discussion forum