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MEDLINE Indexing Online Training Course

Category V - Publication Characteristics: Review Exercise

Please look at the following citations and determine the appropriate Publication Types and the correct check tags.

1. Anticancer Res. 2005 Mar-Apr;25(2B):1409-12.Intravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia (Masson's hemangioma) presenting as a soft-tissue sarcoma.

Intravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia (Masson's hemangioma) is an unusual benign, non-neoplastic, vascular lesion characterized histologically by papillary fronds lined by proliferating endothelium. It may appear as a primary or pure form developing in a distended vessel, or it can be associated with hemangiomas, pyogenic granulomas, or lymphagiomas. Nearly all lesions are intimately associated with a thrombus in various stages of organization. The main significance of intravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia is its clinical and histological resemblance to soft-tissue sarcoma and possible misinterpretation as such. A case of intravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia clinically diagnosed and treated as a low-grade angiosarcoma, in a 60-year-old man, presenting with a mass in the left thigh, is reported.

2. Clin Pharmacokinet. 2005;44(1):33-60. The influence of age and sex on the clearance of cytochrome P450 3A substrates.

Cytochrome P450s (CYPs) are an important family of enzymes in the metabolism of many therapeutic agents and endogenous metabolic reactions. The CYP3A subfamily is especially prominent in these metabolic activities. This review article focuses on how the factors of age and sex may influence the in vivo activity of human CYP3A. The functional activity of CYP3A varies based on issues such as interaction with one or more substrates and between individuals and/or localisation. For CYP3A substrates, intrinsic clearance is the component of total clearance that is contributed by the enzymes. Depending on the route of administration and the contribution of hepatic blood flow to overall clearance, sensitivities to changes in CYP3A activities may differ. Additionally, age may influence the hepatic blood flow and, in turn, affect CYP3A activity. A review of the literature regarding age influences on the clearance of CYP3A substrates does suggest that age can affect the clearance of certain CYP3A substrates.CYP3A is responsible for a large number of endogenous metabolic reactions involving steroid hormones, and enzyme activity has been reported to be induced and/or inhibited in the presence of some sex steroids. Based on published studies for most CYP3A substrates, sex does not appear to influence clearance; however, with certain substrates significant sex-related differences are found. In such cases, women primarily have higher clearance than men.

3. Arch Ophthalmol. 2005 May;123(5):634-41. Cyclosporine vs tacrolimus therapy for posterior and intermediate uveitis.

OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy and tolerability of tacrolimus and cyclosporine therapy for noninfectious posterior segment intraocular inflammation and to evaluate their effect on peripheral blood CD4(+) T-cell phenotype and activation status. METHODS: Thirty-seven patients who required second-line immunosuppression for posterior segment intraocular inflammation were enrolled in this prospective randomized trial of tacrolimus vs cyclosporine therapy. The main outcome measures were visual acuity, binocular indirect ophthalmoscopy score, adverse effects, and quality of life. In addition, peripheral blood CD4(+) T-cell phenotype and activation status were evaluated by flow cytometry before treatment and at 2, 4, and 12 weeks using CD69, chemokine receptor (CCR4, CCR5, and CXCR3), and intracellular cytokine (tumor necrosis factor alpha, interferon-gamma, and interleukin 10) expression. RESULTS: Thirteen patients (68%) taking tacrolimus and 12 patients (67%) taking cyclosporine responded to treatment. Cyclosporine therapy was associated with a higher incidence of reported adverse effects. Mean arterial pressure and serum cholesterol level were significantly higher at 3 months in the cyclosporine group than the tacrolimus group. No significant difference was detected with regard to effect on quality of life or CD4(+) T-cell phenotype. CONCLUSIONS: Tacrolimus and cyclosporine were similar with regard to efficacy for posterior segment intraocular inflammation, but the results suggested a more favorable safety profile for tacrolimus therapy.


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